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‘A Musician’ (Johann Münstermann): portrait by Hermann tom Ring, 1547 (Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Münster)

Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Münster

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A&M  

David Buckley

American record company. It was founded in Los Angeles in 1962 by the former US army trumpeter Herb Alpert and the promoter-producer Jerry Moss. For first few years, A&M depended largely on revenues from Alpert's own recordings. His easy-listening instrumental music recorded with the Tijuana brass had sold over 20 million copies by 1968, when the company's turnover was $50 million. In 1966 A&M also scored a big success with Sergio Mendes and the Sandpipers' single, Guantanamera. Moss, however, was keen to broaden the appeal of A&M, and began recording such West Coast artists as Captain Beefheart and Dr John. In 1969 the label opened its first British office and by the early 1970s A&M also signed American recording deals with such artists as Procol Harum, The Move, Joe Cocker, Jimmy Cliff and Cat Stevens.

By the 1970s A&M were established as the most successful independent record label in the USA. In ...

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John R. Gardner

( b London, 1817; d London, Dec 11, 1863). English composer . She was the eldest daughter of Joseph Glossop, a friend of George IV; she married Gilbert Abbott A’Beckett, a magistrate and humorous writer. Apart from a dozen songs and two waltzes for piano, A’Beckett composed three operas: The Young Pretender...

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J. Richard Haefer

Suspension rattle of Iñupiat peoples of Alaska and Canada. Several dozen fin-shaped, 2-cm pieces of walrus tusk are sewn on a dancer’s arm wrapping made from a strip of sealskin about 25 to 30 cm long. Around the top of the wrapping is stitched a circle of polar bear fur. Some believe that the sound of the rattle represents the north wind....

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(a) ‘The Mail Arriving at Temple Bar’: engraving, 1834; (b) coach horn (with case) by Köhler & Son, London, c1870 (Spencer Collection, Brighton Museum and Art Gallery)

The Post Office, London

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(a) An hautboist: portrait by an anonymous artist, ?c1750, with (b) detail of reed from the same picture (Stiftelsen Musikkulturens Främjande, Stockholm)

Stiftelsen Musikkulturens Främjande, Stockholm

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(a) Angel with citole: miniature from the Psalter of Robert de Lisle, English, c1310–before 1339 (GB-Lbl Ar.83, f.134v); (b) man playing ?citole: miniature from the Stuttgart Psalter, French, c820 (D-Sl Bibl. fol.23, f.125r)

Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Germany/ Bildarchiv Foto Marburg

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(a) Clay fipple flute, c500 ce (Museo de Tabasco, Villahermosa); (b) clay flute with goitre chamber, c500 ce (Museo Nacional de Antropología, Mexico City); (c) the same in cross-section; (d) clay trumpet in two sections, c500 CE (Museo de Tabasco, Villahermosa)

Photo Irmgard Groth Kimball/from Marti, Pre-Columbian Music. 2nd edition Mexico 1978: Ediciones Euroamericanas...