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Irena Poniatowska

(b Żary or Laskowiec, Feb 13, 1796 or 1793; d Warsaw, June 19, 1867). Polish tenor and conductor . He studied the violin and then made his début as a singer in Paisiello’s La frascatana at Minsk (1814). He sang at Vilnius (1815–23, 1838 and 1851...

Article

Alan Blyth

(b Landvarov, nr Vilnius, Jan 23, 1935). Polish soprano . She studied at Łódź and made her début in 1957 at Kraków as Halka. After winning the 1960 Munich radio prize she sang at Oberhausen, Dortmund (1962) and Düsseldorf (1965–70). She appeared as Octavian at Glyndebourne (1965), made her Covent Garden début in 1968 as Violetta, then sang Countess Almaviva, Donna Elvira and Desdemona, a role she took to La Scala in 1977. She made her Metropolitan début in 1968 as Donna Elvira; later roles there included Tatyana, Suor Angelica, Fiordiligi, Elsa (Lohengrin), Elisabeth (Tannhäuser), Marguerite, the Marschallin, Mimì, Tosca, Butterfly and Manon Lescaut. She sang throughout Europe and the USA, her repertory including Adriana Lecouvreur, Amelia (Un ballo in maschera), Leonora (Il trovatore), Liù, Lisa (The Queen of Spades), Maddalena de Coigny, and both the Composer and Ariadne. Zylis-Gara was also admired as a concert singer and recitalist. She was a dignified yet impassioned actress, and had a fresh, lyric voice, notable for its smoothness of production. Among her recordings are a radiant Composer under Kempe....

Article

Jacqueline Avila

(b Mexico City, June 21, 1956). American composer and professor, born in Mexico. Zyman began his training in Mexico City, where he studied with flutist Héctor Jaramillo and pianist José Calatayud. He later studied piano and conducting at the Conservatorio Nacional de Música del INBA and composition with Humberto Hernández Medrano, earning a diploma in piano performance in 1980. He continued his musical studies in New York at the Juilliard School (MM 1984, DMA 1987) under the guidance of Stanley Wolfe, Roger Sessions, and David Diamond. Since 1987 Zyman has been on the Juilliard faculty in the department of Literature and Materials of Music. His musical works include two symphonies; concertos for piano, guitar, and harp; several symphonic pieces and chamber works; pieces for voice; and a sonata for solo guitar. Zyman also composed an original symphonic score to the film La otra conquista (The other conquest, ...

Article

Zofia Chechlińska

[Živný; Vojtěch, Zhyvny, Ziwny, Żiwny, Zwiny]

(b Bohemia, May 13, 1756; d Warsaw, Feb 21, 1842). Polish piano teacher and composer of Bohemian origin. He studied the violin, the piano, harmony and counterpoint with Jan Kuchař in Bohemia, where his earliest compositions were also written. After a probable stay in Stuttgart and Zweibrücken, he arrived in Poland some time during the reign of Stanisław August (1764–95). For three years he worked at the court of Prince Kazimierz Sapieha; he then moved to Warsaw, where within a short time he became one of the most successful piano teachers. Of the large number of pianists who studied with Żywny, the most famous was Chopin, whom Żywny taught from 1816 until 1822. Chopin thought highly of him, saying that, ‘with Żywny and Elsner the greatest ass would learn’; and the greatness of the pupil helped to spread the fame of the teacher. It was Żywny who eventually decided to discontinue Chopin’s lessons, feeling that there was nothing further he could teach him. Żywny wrote a number of works for the piano, including sonatas, preludes and polonaises, as well as lieder and overtures. None of his works were published and nearly all are lost. (...