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Holly, Buddy  

Michael Butler

(b Lubbock, TX, 7 Sept 1936; d Clear Lake, IA, 3 Feb 1959). American rockabilly guitarist, singer, and lyricist.

As a child he took guitar, violin, and piano lessons and was exposed to many musical styles, including country and western, gospel, bluegrass, and rhythm and blues. Each influenced his later recordings. As a teen he became known throughout western Texas for his unique voice, songwriting skills, and live performances. In 1955 he signed a recording contract with Nashville’s Decca, but left within a year because of creative differences. Holly returned to Texas where he opened for acts such as Bill Haley and His Comets and Elvis Presley. After their 15 October 1956 concert, Presley suggested that Holly focus more on rock as his primary style, rather than country and bluegrass. It was a suggestion that changed Buddy Holly’s career.

In 1957 Holly and his band, the Crickets, recorded “That’ll Be the Day” for Brunswick Records. The single, Holly’s first, topped station playlists across the United States and represented his transformation from country crooner to rock and roll pioneer. During the same year Holly and the Crickets recorded “Maybe Baby,” “Not Fade Away,” “Oh Boy,” and “Peggy Sue.” The group became the first all-white band to play Harlem’s Apollo Theater, and in ...

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Cover Lin-Manuel Miranda

Lin-Manuel Miranda  

In 

Lin-Manuel Miranda at the Pantages Theatre on August 16, 2017 in Hollywood, California.

(Photo by Matt Winkelmeyer/Getty Images)

Article

Miranda, Lin-Manuel  

Elizabeth Craft

(b New York, Jan 16, 1980). American composer, lyricist, playwright, performer, and producer. Miranda was raised in northern Manhattan and attended the Hunter College public selective-admission elementary and high schools. His parents are from Puerto Rico; growing up, he spent time there each summer.

Miranda studied theatre at Wesleyan College (BA 2002), where he wrote an early version of his first hit musical In the Heights. After graduating, he teamed up with director Thomas Kail, a fellow Wesleyan alumnus, and the show received several readings and an off-Broadway production before its première on Broadway in 2008. Miranda wrote the music and lyrics, working with bookwriter Quiara Alegría Hudes, and he starred in the original cast. Running for over 1000 performances and garnering awards including four Tonys, notably for Best Musical and Best Original Score, the show established Miranda as a major presence on Broadway. Many of the show’s creative team and cast members became his regular collaborators....