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date: 19 October 2019

Boulanger, (Marie-Juliette Olga) Lililocked

  • Annegret Fauser
  •  and Robert Orledge


(b Paris, Aug 21, 1893; d Mézy, March 15, 1918). French composer. She grew up in a musical household, with both parents (Raïssa Mischetzky and Ernest Boulanger) and her sister Nadia trained or active as composers and performers. Her immense talent was recognized at the age of two, and she received a musical education from early childhood on. In 1895 she fell ill with bronchial pneumonia, after which her immune system was severely weakened. For the rest of her life she was almost constantly ill, with either passing infections or outbreaks of the chronic condition of intestinal tuberculosis which led to her death in 1918. Her frail health conditioned her life, through the need of constant care, and her musical career, as she had to rely on private composition and instrumental tuition rather than a full musical education at the Conservatoire. In December 1909, after her sister gave up her attempts to win the Prix de Rome, she decided to compete for the prize (her father Ernest Boulanger had won it in ...

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Die Musikforschung
The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Revue musicale
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Musical Quarterly