Heinse [Heintze], (Johann Jakob) Wilhelm
- Shelley Davis
(b Langenwiesen, nr Ilmenau, Feb 15, 1746; d Aschaffenburg, June 22, 1803). German aesthetician and writer on art and music. As a youth he was a mediocre student, but he eventually pursued law at the universities of Jena and Erfurt. At Erfurt he studied with the aesthetician F.J. Riedel and made the acquaintance of Wieland, who recommended him to Gleim at Halberstadt. With the sponsorship of Gleim he became a private tutor and freelance writer at Quedlinburg. In 1774 he collaborated with the Jacobi brothers on the magazine Iris at Düsseldorf. He began a three-year trip to Italy in 1780, staying mostly in Rome, where he immersed himself in art and translated Orlando furioso and Gerusalemme liberata. Back in Düsseldorf, he wrote on the aesthetics of art in the novel Ardinghello (c1784–5), but his interests soon returned to music. Entering the service of the Elector of Mainz, Heinse became lecturer in ...