Herwart [Hörwart], Johann Heinrich
- Adolf Layer
(b Augsburg, 1520; d Augsburg, July 28, 1583). German collector of music. He came from one of the oldest patrician families of Augsburg, where his father Georg was mayor. As a judge and a member of the higher and lower councils he was one of the most influential men in Augsburg public life. Through large-scale commercial and banking businesses, partly in collaboration with the house of Habsburg and with Anton Fugger, he and his brother Johann Paul amassed a considerable fortune. In 1548 they were ennobled, along with another brother, Johann Jakob. Herwart’s descendants lived in Augsburg until 1801 and the male line continued uninterrupted in Prussia until the early 20th century. The Herwart brothers used part of their wealth to acquire works of art, books and musicalia. After his death Johann Heinrich’s valuable collections passed to Duke Wilhelm V of Bavaria in 1585 and 1594; they included over 400 items of printed and manuscript music (the nucleus of the collection in ...