Kuti [Ransome-Kuti; Anikulapo-Kuti], Fela
- Daniel Avorgbedor
(b Abeokuta, Nigeria Oct 15, 1938; d Lagos, Aug 2, 1997). Nigerian pop musician. He formed his first band, Koola Lobitos, in London while a student at Trinity College of Music (1958–63) where he studied the trumpet, music theory and composition. After returning to Nigeria (1963) he reorganized the band as Nigeria '70; the name was changed after a trip to the USA (1969) to Afrika '70, and finally to Egypt '80. From 1964 to 1979 the band was led by the drummer Tony Oladipo Allen. Formative musical influences on Fela Kuti include his indigenous Yoruba musical culture, classical training, exposure to jazz during his weekly radio programmes at the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation, black American music (James Brown, John Coltrane, Miles Davis), literary works (The Autobiography of Malcom X) and political activists encountered during his trips to the USA. He proclaimed himself a disciple of the late pan-Africanist and president of Ghana, Dr Kwame Nkrumah....