- Marita P. McClymonds
(b Salò, Feb 26, 1752; d 1797 or later). Italian librettist . He joined those who were producing innovatory opera seria librettos for Venetian theatres in the 1790s. His handful of works represents a wide range of subject matter including plots taking their inspiration from earlier librettos (Seleuco, rè di Siria and Merope) and plots with exotic settings (Gl’indiani and Zaira). His Bianca de’ Rossi is an early example of an opera based on contemporary subject matter dealing with ordinary citizens, rather than historical figures or the nobility. Both Zaira and Bianca die tragically – Zaira at the hands of her lover, who then kills himself, and Bianca in the tomb of her husband, where she has buried herself. Such tragedies mark the end of a tradition more than a century old that proscribed unhappy endings and death on stage.
Botturini’s librettos contain multiple choruses, ensembles, scene-complexes and even dance (...