Chaykovsky, Boris Aleksandrovich
- Galina Grigor′yeva
(b Moscow, Sept 10, 1925; d Feb 7, 1996). Russian composer. He studied the piano with Oborin and composition with Myaskovsky, Shebalin and Shostakovich. During the last years of his life he taught in the composition department of the Gnesin Academy of Music in Moscow. He is one of the chief representatives of the so-called second generation, having inherited and developed the traditions of Tchaikovsky, Borodin, Lyadov, and especially Musorgsky, as well as having been influenced by Shostakovich. Characteristic of his style is a blending of the intellectual and the lyrical, and of philosophical profundity and refinement. His technique synthesizes classical devices and contemporary resources; after forays into serialism (in the Chamber Symphony) and polystylism (in the Second Symphony) he returned to tonal and programmatic methods, though often in unusual ways. His uniquely Russian style comes close to that of Myaskovsky; his music is distinguished by vivid ideas, temperament and dynamism. A characteristic peculiarity of his technique is to use pithy, simple themes and then to transform them in a complex way by means of thematic development, polyphonic devices and ostinatos which propel the argument forward. These methods often result in compressed one-movement works. The orchestral music is marked by seriousness of conception and individuality in resolving complex compositional problems. Overt thematic simplicity distinguishes the violin and cello concertos, the quartets, and his vocal works. The cycles to texts by Lermontov, Pushkin, Tyutchev and Zabolotsky are remarkable for their lyricism and their refined manner. The interpreters of Boris Chaykovsky's works include Samuil Samosud, Aleksandr Gauk, Vladimir Fedoseyev and the Borodin Quartet....