Fricker, Peter Racine
- Ian Kemp
- , revised by Michael Meckna
(b London, Sept 5, 1920; d Santa Barbara, CA, Feb 1, 1990). English composer. The most prominent British composer to emerge immediately after World War II, he developed a free atonal style which exerted a strong influence at a time when British composers were turning from the insularity of the war years.
His family came from Wiltshire; the middle name is after his great-grandmother, a descendant of the dramatist. Fricker was educated at St Paul’s School, London. It was planned that he should leave school at 14 to join the merchant navy, but he was not accepted because of his poor eyesight. In 1937 he entered the RCM, where he studied theory and composition with Morris, the organ with Bullock and the piano with Wilson. He also attended classes at Morley College, where in 1939 he met Tippett. In 1941 Fricker joined the Royal Air Force and was trained as a radio operator. He was married in ...