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Article

Edward R. Reilly

revised by Andreas Giger

greatest influence on his development as a performer and composer. His interest in composition, particularly in works for the flute, continued to grow, stimulated by a wide range of Italian and French works then performed in Dresden. In the Saxon court’s repertory, however, influenced by opera seria and the instrumental compositions of Corelli, Torelli and Vivaldi, the Italian musical style gradually superseded the French. Between 1724 and 1727 Quantz completed his training with a period of study in Italy and shorter stays in France and England. He studied counterpoint

Article

Christoph Wolff and Peter Wollny

employ many technical and stylistic features of J.S. Bach’s Clavier-Übung I , but even in these early works Friedemann’s individual and original style is strongly marked, above all in its characteristic melodic phrasings and a tendency to contrapuntal or imitative development. The capricious style of his ensemble music is obviously modelled on J.D. Zelenka. In his cantatas, which were all probably written while he was in Halle, Bach employed melodic idioms of the Dresden operatic style, but in many details he followed his father’s style of vocal writing. In a series

Article

Torben Schousboe

in 1827 . From 1829 to 1831 he made a study tour of Germany, Paris and Italy, having already made a name as a composer of string quartets and overtures. When Schall retired in 1834 , Frøhlich was one of three alternating conductors chosen to succeed him; later he conducted all the opera performances. He was a director of the Musikforening from its founding in 1836 until 1841 and chairman in 1836–7 . He went on leave to Italy in 1838 to recover from a street accident and a stroke. On his return he wrote the music for some of Bournonville’s ballets, but ill-health

Article

Kyle Gann

stormy night ( 1990 ), in which a series of nested narratives spoken by the soloist is paralleled by a self-referential musical process that gradually reveals the origin of the material – a looped musical sample. His magnum opus, Truth in Clouds , is an opera about a seance, during which voices are heard from all parts of the auditorium with the aid of a Ouija board-to-MIDI converter. Works ( selective list ) Pea Soup, 1–12 pfmrs, elecs, 1975 Little Spiders, 2 cptr insts, 1981 Second State, elecs, 1981 Is

Article

Elena Biggi Parodi

, when Pollini travelled to Paris, introduced him to Baron Du Roullet ( A-Wn , Handschriftensammlung 8-34-1). About 1790 he settled in Milan, where he studied with Zingarelli, and in 1798 he married the 23-year-old Marianna Gasparini, an amateur harpist. That same year his opera La casetta nel bosco was performed at the Teatro della Cannobiana. In 1801 his cantata Il trionfo della pace was given at La Scala in honour of the Peace of Amiens. For the ceremony of Napoleon’s coronation in Milan Cathedral ( 26 May 1805 ) two of his compositions for large orchestra

Article

Martin Eastick

45; 2 Etudes de Concert, op.48 Suite, G, op.50 (1892) Frühling, 5 Stücke, op.57 (1896) [8] Tristesses et Sourires, op.58 (1896) 3 Mazurkas, op.60 (1898) 4 Morceaux, op.68 (1902) Valse de concert, F, op.69 (1902) 15 Etudes de virtuosité, ‘Per aspera’, op.72 (1903) Chanson bohème de l'opéra ‘Carmen’ de G. Bizet, transcription de concert (1906) 10 Pièces mignonnes, op.77 (1907) Grande valse de concert, G♭, op.88 (1912) [5] Tanzmomente, op.89 (1912) Isolden's Tod, Schluss-Szene aus Tristan und Isolde von Richard Wagner, paraphrase (1914) 6 Morceaux, op.93 (1916)

Article

Victor Anand Coelho

ips are the motets of Modulatus sacri diminutis ( 1630 ) which employ lavish embellishment and challenging rhythmic figures (e.g. ‘Beata Dei genitrix’). Kapsperger's stage works, which include La vittoria del principe Vladislao in Valacchia ( 1625 ), an opera about the Polish-Turkish war of 1621 , are all lost, apart from the Apotheosis . In a time of intense musical polemics, Kapsperger was praised by moderns and conservatives, from the art collector Vincenzo Giustiniani and the world-traveller Pietro della Valle, to the neo-classic theorist G.B. Doni and

Article

Andrew Lamb

York, 1983) F. Mailer : Weltbürger der Musik: eine Oscar-Straus-Biographie (Vienna, 1985) W.E. Studwell : ‘In the Tradition of the Strauss Family: … an Essay and Bibliography’, Music Reference Services Quarterly , 3/4 (1995), 45–53 See also from The New Grove Dictionary of Opera : Tapfere Soldat, Der ; and Walzertraum, Ein .

Article

Norbert Carnovale and Richard Dyer

Steuermann, both of whom became his friends and mentors, through his wife, Marjorie Black, a singer and pianist. Schoenberg’s theories, life, and work were particularly influential to Schuller throughout his subsequent career. From 1945 to 1959 Schuller played in the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, spending nine seasons as principal and working with many prominent conductors. During this period, he pursued his interest in jazz, sparked by an Ellington concert he had heard in Cincinnati. He listened to recordings obsessively and comprehensively, notating path-breaking

Article

Nicholas Temperley

His early works include an opera, several orchestral pieces and some string quartets. Something in his upbringing made Ouseley repress this early vitality of imagination, though his musical skill remained undiminished. He subjected himself not only to the most rigorous technical discipline, but also to the purging of all ‘secular’ influences from his style. His comments in 1872 about the use of secular melodies as hymn tunes reveal a deep anxiety on this point: ‘How can they result in aught but the disgust and discouragement of all musical churchmen, the misleading

Article

light early operas. At the threshold of the 20th century he embarked on the ten years of vocal-orchestral frescos, the triptych of oratorios ( La croisade des enfants , Les enfants à Bethléem , Saint François d'Assise ) which were followed by the Piano Quintet, a work typical of the manner of the second period, on the one hand, and on the other some solid concertante works and other orchestral pieces. The final period, 1916–36 , was dominated by the chamber music, the best of the ballet scores (above all Cydalise et le chèvre-pied ), the comic opera Fragonard

Article

Hungarian Theatre in 1837 ; for its opening performance on 22 August 1837 he composed the orchestral work Nemzeti örömhangok (‘National Sounds of Jubilation’). Ferenc Erkel released him from the service of the theatre on 15 February 1838 . On 16 April 1839 his three-act comic opera, Visegrádi kincskeresők (‘The Treasure Hunters of Visegrád’), was given its first performance in Pest, though without success. In the 1840s Rózsavölgyi founded his own band, with which he played before Liszt in the Pest National Circle on 6 May 1846 (Liszt used themes by Rózsavölgyi

Article

Willa Rouder

for the show. During the Depression Johnson turned his attention increasingly to the composition of large-scale works. He wrote his Harlem Symphony in 1932 , followed by a piano concerto, Jassamine , in 1934 and Symphony in Brown in 1935 ; De Organizer , a one-act ‘blues opera’ with a libretto by Langston Hughes, received one performance at Carnegie Hall in 1940 . A true assessment of this music is hampered by the loss of many of the scores, but some commentators have questioned the success of Johnson’s orchestral compositions. With the revival of traditional

Article

3. Return to Bonn. In the spring of 1839 she returned to Bonn to finalize her divorce, intending initially to return to Berlin. As a polished performer and experienced teacher, Johanna attracted many students. She re-established the Gesangverein , whose performances of operas, operettas, and oratorios, which she directed, made an important contribution to concert life in Bonn. Together with the poet, Protestant theologian, and art historian Gottfried Kinkel, she co-founded the literary circle Der Maikäferbund . The intellectual exchange with the groups’

Article

Mark Humphreys

revised by Robert Thompson

maintained his Oxford connections, writing odes for St Cecilia's Day in 1698 , 1699 , and 1707 . In London he contributed music to over 40 plays, the bulk of it before 1700. His last such contribution was in 1707 , as he was suffering because of the growing vogue for italianate opera at that time; his only contribution to this genre, the advertised setting of an adaptation of Quinault's Orlando furioso ( 1707 ), was never produced and may never even have been written. In 1701 he was one of the competitors for a setting of Congreve's masque The Judgment of Paris

Article

Jennifer Spencer

revised by Robert W. Oldani

h i fiziologicheskikh zakonov (‘The science of music on the basis of aesthetic and physiological laws’) (Moscow, 1875 ), is praised as an original (if flawed) early monument of Russian speculative theory. Arnol′d's compositions are mainly of academic interest. They include the operas Tsïganka (‘Gypsy Girl’, completed 1836 ) and Posledniy den′ Pompei (‘The Last Day of Pompeii’, completed 1860 ); the operettas Der Invalide (completed and performed 1852 ) and Za Bogom molitva, a za tsaryom sluzhba ne propadayut, ili Noch′ pod Ivana Kupala (‘Prayer to God

Article

Albert Mell

eccentricities. David was a prolific composer. His output includes five concertos and other solo works for violin and orchestra, concert pieces for various wind instruments, a String Sextet and a String Quartet. He also wrote a number of songs and a few choral works. He withdrew his only opera, Hans Wacht , after its second performance (Leipzig, 1852 ). While he was better known during his lifetime for his numerous transcriptions and editions than for his own compositions, it is for his didactic works that he is now chiefly remembered. Two compositions for wind instruments

Article

Timothy D. Taylor

2 perc, 1968 AOK, chorus, accdn, vns, conds., 8 country fiddles, tape, 1969 Meditations on the Points of the Compass, 12 solo vv, chorus, perc, 1970 Angels and Demons, chorus, ens, 1980 Drama of the Five Families, nar, 1v, chorus, 1984 Legend, amp accdn, chorus, perc, 1985 Midnight Operas, chorus, 1992 Other vocal 3 Songs, S, pf, 1957 The C(s) for Once, vv, fls, tpts, tape delay, 1966 SY*YdY=1, 4 spkrs, 4 vc, 4 bn, amp heartbeat, shakuhachi, 1969 Music for Tai Chi, vv, accdn, str, wind, perc, 1970 Horse Sings from a Cloud (Rose Mountain), 1v, accdn, 1977 The Wheel of

Article

Maria Eckhardt, Rena Charnin Mueller and Alan Walker

He also wrote letters to various heads of state to help Wagner secure a pardon. Above all, he made sure that Wagner’s music was kept alive in Germany. He gave the première of Lohengrin ( 28 August 1850 ) after 46 rehearsals, a number without precedent for an opera (Wagner dedicated the work to Liszt and presented him with the manuscript of the full score), and he regularly mounted Der fliegende Holländer and Tannhäuser , as well as orchestral excerpts from all three operas at various German music festivals. He even tried to persuade the Grand Duke of Weimar to

Article

Reinhold Sietz

concertos avoid grand soloistic mannerisms, and his own style of playing, with hands still and fingers curved, reflected his belief in classical practice. Of his three symphonies, the first employs small forces, while the second is a cyclically organized work on a grand scale. His operas, despite their Wagnerian trappings, were not successful; his better-known musical fairy tales, based in part on his own texts (written under the name Heinrich Carsten), were composed in a tasteful folk-style. Gifted in many fields, he was also a talented painter and poet. His lucidly