the earliest court operas, Monteverdi's Orfeo ( 1607 ), was commissioned by Prince Francesco Gonzaga of Mantua to entertain members of the Accademia degli Invaghiti. By the 18th century the Accademia degl'Intronati had its own theatre, described on the title-page of various opera librettos as the ‘Teatro Grande della nobilissima Accademia degl'Intronati’, where opera was performed during Carnival season. Various other academies even served as financial guarantors of opera seasons. Thus the Accademia degli Immobili in Florence supported opera productions at the
Howard Mayer Brown
revised by Iain Fenlon
Timişoara , under the name Romanian State Opera from Cluj in Timişoara. Since its founding the Opera has produced over 200 operas, operettas, and ballets, of all schools and styles including over 40 Romanian works, many of them premières, most notably Oedipus by George Enescu and Meşterul Manole (‘Master Manole’) by Sigismund Toduţă . Since 1971 the Opera has performed with success in a series of tours throughout Western Europe, as well as in England, Turkey, Korea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, and the former Czechoslovakia.
s, and has gone through the processes of international and national institutional accreditation. It currently offers degrees at all three levels, the BA, MA, and PhD. Its structure combines two branches of didactic activity: musical interpretation and musical creation, and theory and pedagogy. It is a true force for education, research, and musical creation, and possesses modern facilities and a determined and ambitious teaching staff all of which consolidates its prominent position among the South-Eastern European conservatories. In 2013 , the number of students
films made for television. Nearly three decades later, in carrying out the mandate of the 1976 Copyright Act to establish an American Television and Radio Archives, the Librarian of Congress reviewed the status of all of the Library’s broadcast media (both sound recordings and moving image materials) and decided that it was more efficient to combine all visual, audio, and broadcast holdings into a single administrative unit. This resulted in the establishing of the Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound (MBRS) Division in 1978 . The MBRS is responsible for