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Article

Nancy B. Reich

work became known to the musical world. Almost without exception, Clara played at the première of each work he wrote for or with piano; and almost all his orchestral works were introduced in concerts in which she was the solo artist. In 1878 Clara Schumann became principal teacher of piano at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt, but did not relinquish her performing career. Her presence attracted students from all over the world and especially from England, where she was an immensely popular performer. She made her last public appearance as a pianist in 1891

Article

Suzanne Clercx-Lejeune

Pierre continued his itinerant career in the prince's entourage, accompanying him on all his travels, in Austria and to Paris, Mariemont and Tervuren. He also continued to compose numerous symphonies. As peace approached, however, he began to think of settling, and in 1762 he obtained a seven-year contract as director of the Brussels Grand Théâtre; there he conducted, and was in charge of choosing the repertory: tragedies and comedies of the French theatre, as well as opéras comiques which he had composed ( La bagarre ), arranged ( Les soeurs rivales ) or written

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three small children’. Nothing further is known of Grabu's activities until April 1683 , when he competed unsuccessfully for a post in the French royal chapel. That autumn Thomas Betterton recruited him ‘to represent something at least like an Opera in England for his Majestyes diversion’. His setting of Dryden's allegorical opera Albion and Albanius was put into rehearsal during winter 1684 , only to be interrupted by Charles II's death on 6 February 1685 . It was finally produced on 3 June, but ran for only six nights before being interrupted by Monmouth's rebellion

Article

Lionel Salter

first rank; he later made five world tours. Almost entirely self-taught as a composer, Manén had begun to write at 13, and in 1900 he conducted a concert of his own works in Barcelona. His first opera, Juana de Nápoles (produced when he was 19), was well received at the Barcelona Liceu, and he immediately followed this with Acté , for which (as for all his later operas) he wrote his own libretto. He then spent time in Germany, where he acquired an admiration for Wagner and Richard Strauss, which can be observed in his orchestral writing. Strauss’s influence on his

Article

Peter Holman and Robert Rawson

where according to Walther he composed ‘more German operas’. During this period a number of his instrumental collections were published by Roger of Amsterdam. By 1706 he was in Breslau in the service of Duke Karl Philipp of Neuberg, the younger brother of the Elector Palatine. He remained in Karl Philipp's service for the rest of his life; in October 1707 he was a Kammermusiker in the Innsbruck Hofkapelle and rose to the position of Konzertmeister in 1708 . In that same year Finger was back in Berlin, where his operas Der Sieg der Schönheit über die Helden and

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interest of his chamber works. His brother Joseph(-Antoine) Godecharle ( b Brussels, bap. 17 Jan 1746 ; d Brussels, 21 March 1829 ) was first oboist at the royal chapel from 1766 until the chapel was disbanded in 1794 , and in 1768 oboist in the orchestra at the Brussels Opéra. Another brother, Louis-Joseph-Melchior ( b Brussels, bap. 5 Jan 1749 ; d Brussels, 8 June 1807 ), was attached to the church of St Michel et Ste Gudule as a singer, and was a baritone at the royal chapel until 1794 . Works 6 sinfonie a 4 o 8 partite

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choir in Gregorian chant, and in 1909 visited the Benedictine monastery at Maria Laach, Germany, where he studied chant practice. He remained active in the musical life of Boston, retaining unofficial ties with the Boston SO; he was a member of the board of directors of the Boston Opera Company, and served as an adviser on various competition juries. Loeffler also had interests in New York, serving as an adviser on the foundation of the Juilliard Graduate School ( 1924 ). Loeffler's major occupation was composition. He was a skilled and careful, even fastidious,

Article

least 25 boleros or seguidillas boleras for 1–3vv, acc. gui/pf, some pubd; 33 ariettas, lv, pf, all pubd London; Sp., It., Eng. songs and duets, acc. pf, all pubd London or Paris; cant.; O crux, ave spes unica, motet; mass, lost Instrumental waltzes, quadrilles, other pieces, pf 2–4 hands, all pubd; March for military band, arr. pf, pf 4 hands (St Petersburg, c 1826) 3 pieces for harpolyre (Paris, c 1830) 2 syms., 3 str qts, Concertante, gui, str trio, all lost Bibliography MGG1 ( H. Radke ) ‘Sor’, Encyclopédie pittoresque

Article

Arnolds Klotiņš

Latvian Radio; he continued to give Radio performances until 1945 . In 1944 he became professor at the Latvian State Conservatory and was rector there between 1944 and 1948 . Kalniņš was a pre-eminent composer of vocal music and the founder of Latvian opera. He completed a large number of works in all genres, including folksong arrangements and over 250 songs. His compositional style ranges from the idyllic Romanticism favoured by Grieg to the Expressionism and Constructivism of the 1930s. Although Kalniņš generally refrained from using folk tunes (except for

Article

Philippe Rougier

piano works include L’étude complète du piano , a collection of 25 pieces of progressive difficulty, some taken from the earlier Les délices des jeunes pianistes ; the insignificance of their content is matched only by the vacuity of their titles. He also arranged various Italian opera arias and, after the defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian war, works by German composers as easy salon pieces. His Système nouveau … pour apprendre à accompagner tout plain-chant à première vue sans savoir la musique et sans professeur (Boulogne, c 1859 ) is a primer on how to

Article

Friderica Derra De Moroda and Elisabeth Cook

(pastorale en ariettes et vaudevilles, 3, Desfontaines or P.-T Gondot), Fontainebleau, 1773 Apelles et Campaspe (ballet, choreog. Noverre), Paris, Opéra, 1 Oct 1776 Spurious La mort d’Hercule (ballet, choreog. Noverre), 1762 [by Deller] Other works Ariette en simphonie (Paris, 1764) Lauda Jerusalem, motet a grand choeur, perf. Paris, Concert Spirituel, 13 May 1779, lost Other inst (all pubd Paris, n.d.) 1er concerto, hn ( c 1779) 2me concerto, hn; 24 fanfares, 3 hn; easy fanfares, 2 hn; vn duos, 3 vols.; vn études, 2 vols.

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conductor . A prodigiously gifted musician of great versatility, he, along with Parry and Mackenzie, did much to forge the new standards of the so-called ‘renaissance’ in British music at the end of the 19th century. As a composer he brought a technical brilliance to almost all genres, though success in opera, in which he aspired to excel, generally eluded him until the end of his life. In spite of his stature as a composer (particularly in the province of church music), he is perhaps best known as a teacher of several generations of British composers who passed through his

Article

Philippe Vendrix

early works. As his reputation grew his works were published in Berlin, as well as London, and his theoretical and practical treatises on the violin, harmony, counterpoint and figured bass were also published. Gehot played at the Professional Concert and taught the violin at the Opera House, Hanover Square. In the summer of 1792 , together with James Hewitt, B. Bergman, William Young and Phillips, Gehot decided to leave London for the United States. The arrival of these musicians caused a great stir in New York, and Gehot scored a veritable triumph at an opening

Article

A. Menéndez Aleyxandre

revised by Antoni Pizà

years in Bilbao that Guridi composed almost all of his polyphonic choral works, which he based on popular song; the three series of Canciones populares vascas and the symphonic-choral Así cantan los chicos are his masterpieces in this genre. His first opera, Mirentxu , based on Basque customs, was first performed in Bilbao in 1910 , then in Madrid in 1915 with great success, and in the same year he received a prize from the Madrid Círculo de Bellas Artes for the orchestral Una aventura de Don Quijote . His second opera, Amaya , won him remarkable popularity again

Article

Nigel Burton

the music’s phrase patterns with considerable subtlety. Her songs in the Italian vein demonstrate an intimate knowledge of contemporary opera, and her vocal experience is reflected in their beautifully shaped melodic contours. Her sense of quasi-symphonic development results in some remarkable experiments with binary form in songs such as Mary, adieu ( 1837 ) and The lark now leaves his wat’ry nest ( 1840 ). Works all printed works published in London Songs, 1v, pf Ah! love was never yet without the pang (Byron) (1837)

Article

Sérgio Azevedo

Gregoriano de Lisboa ( 1980–90 ) and the Escola Superior de Música de Lisboa (from 1985 ), of which he is the present director and head of composition. In 1984 he became conductor of the Portuguese Youth Orchestra. Bochmann has composed a large number of works in almost all genres except opera, and he has written regularly for young musicians and amateurs. Until the 1980s his music used many of the techniques of the avant garde of the 1950s and 1960s; subsequently, contact with musicians without specialist experience of contemporary music has resulted in greater

Article

George Leotsakos

Athenian companies. A cultured, self-disciplined musician, he owed his great popularity to the hundreds of songs he composed; mostly written for, or incorporated into, his operettas, they often have an irresistible dramatic impact and vary from simple strophic forms to more complex opera-like scenes. Several of his individual songs and short dramatic scenes were recorded by his close friend the baritone Yiannis Angelopoulos; a number, including O katadikos (‘The convict’), I kardia tis manas (‘The mother’s heart’), To palio violi (‘The old violin’), and especially

Article

Philippe Mercier

chamber music avoids theatrical effects. Fétis commented that, in spite of many strong sections and good musical organization, Pauwels’s operas are hindered by their weak librettos. Marie-Anne-Jeanne (or Jeanne-Catherine) Pauwels ( 1795–1839 ), a pianist and composer active in Brussels, was apparently unrelated to this family. Works printed works published in Brussels, unless otherwise indicated Stage All first performed at Brussels, Théâtre de la Monnaie La maisonnette dans les bois (oc, 1), 3 Aug 1796 L’auteur malgré lui (oc, 1, Claparède)

Article

Erkki Salmenhaara and Heikki Poroila

ry ( 1887–8 ) and in Berlin ( 1890–91 ). His activities in church music education and in initiating professional opera performances were of great importance in the development of Finnish musical life in the early 20th century; he also appeared as an opera conductor, as an excellent accompanist and as a virtuoso organist (in addition he worked as inspector of organs). His Pohjan neiti ( 1899 ), which was Singspiel-like in character, was the first opera in Finnish, but he owed his wide popularity to his numerous folksong-influenced salon romances. He was one of the

Article

Herbert C. Turrentine

made possible by his position with the Prince de Conti, which shielded him from the exploitation of publishers. Soon after his arrival in Paris Schobert married a Frenchwoman by whom he had at least two children. In 1765 he made a single, and thoroughly unsuccessful, venture into opéra comique , with La garde-chasse et le braconnier (he had earlier contributed to a pasticcio). The only remaining information concerning his life is Baron Grimm’s account of his gruesome death, along with his wife and one child, as a result of eating poisonous mushrooms. Grimm’s eulogy