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Article

Rosario Marciano

Bach, Maria ( b Vienna , March 1, 1896 ; d Vienna , Feb 26, 1978 ). Austrian pianist and composer . Her ancestors, Catholic members of the Bach dynasty, came to Austria during Luther’s time. Brought up in an artistic milieu, she studied the violin (with Arnold Rosé) and the piano from an early age, presenting her first successful piano recital when she was ten. Although she decided to become a concert pianist, her Flohtanz for piano ( 1917 ) was so successful that she took up composition seriously, studying with Joseph Marx. In 1962 she received

Article

Joshua Rifkin

revised by Konrad Küster

spring of 1725 , J.S. Bach wrote a series of nine cantatas ( bwv 103, 108, 87, 128, 183, 74, 68, 175, 176) to librettos that Mariane von Ziegler subsequently published in the first volume of her Versuch . Bach and Ziegler may have met through a mutual friend, Maria Elisabeth Taubert; whether they actually worked together, however, remains uncertain. The published versions of the librettos differ markedly from those used by Bach, and some of the variants suggest that Bach altered Ziegler’s verses substantially when composing his cantatas. Bach set no further texts by

Article

Walter Emery

revised by Andreas Glöckner

and was a singer and assistant organist at St Maria Magdalena, Breslau, from about 1740 until the beginning of 1744 . He then wished to return to Germany and devote himself to ‘higher studies’ at Leipzig, and as his parents were poor, he asked for a viaticum. He was granted four thalers on 23 January 1744 , and on 19 March he matriculated at Leipzig University as a theological student. He soon began to assist Bach, chiefly as a bass, and did so regularly from Michaelmas 1745 . In taking on a university student Bach exceeded his authority, but he was always short

Article

composers, including De Orto, Josquin, Parsons, Willaert and Victoria, and there are Ave Maria masses by La Rue, Morales and Palestrina. Giacomo Fogliano set the complete text as a simple four-voice lauda (HAM, i, 97). The title is used for Schubert’s song after Scott’s Lady of the Lake . Gounod’s celebrated Ave Maria consists of a melody superimposed on the C major prelude from the first book of Bach’s Das wohltemperirte Clavier . For further information See R. Steiner: ‘Ave Maria [Antiphon]’, New Catholic Encyclopedia (New York, 1967 ). See also Antiphon

Article

Christoph Wolff, Walter Emery, Peter Wollny, Ulrich Leisinger and Stephen Roe

e in 1690 . His pupils, besides his sons and nephews, included J.G. Walther. Johann Aegidius Bach ( 36 ) ( b Erfurt, bap. 4 Aug 1709 ; d Gross-Monra, nr Kölleda, 17 May 1746 ). Son of Johann Christoph ( 19 ). He was Kantor of Gross-Monra. Johann Ambrosius Bach ( 11 ) ( b Erfurt, 22 Feb 1645 ; d Eisenach, 20 Feb 1695 ). Son of Christoph ( 5 ), twin brother of Johann Christoph ( 12 ) and father of Johann Sebastian ( 24 ). On 8 April 1668 he married Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt ( b Erfurt, 24 Feb 1644 ; d Eisenach, 1 May 1694 ), daughter by his second

Article

Horst Seeger

der Musik , ed. F. Hamel and M. Hürlimann (Berlin, 1934, 9/1959), 556–608 Der Thomaskantor und seine Söhne (Dresden, 1939) Anton Bruckner (Leipzig, 1941, 2/1947) Musik und Musiker der Gegenwart (Essen, 1949) Johann Sebastian Bach (Berlin, 1950) ed., with H.H. Dräger : Bach-Probleme: Festschrift zur Deutschen Bach-Feier (Leipzig, 1950) ‘Dresden ist doch gar zu schön: Schumann in der Sächsischen Hauptstadt: eine Ehrenrettung’, Robert Schumann: aus Anlass seines 100. Todestages , ed. H.J. Moser and E. Rebling (Leipzig, 1956), 25–42 Joseph Haas

Article

Howard Schott

Leonhardt, Gustav ( Maria ) ( b ’s Graveland , May 30, 1928 ; d Armsterdam , Jan 16, 2012 ). Dutch harpsichordist , organist and conductor . After a classical education, he studied the organ and harpsichord with Eduard Müller at the Schola Cantorum in Basle from 1947 to 1950 . He made his début in Vienna in 1950 , performing Bach’s Art of Fugue on the harpsichord. After a year of musicological study in Vienna, he served as professor of harpsichord at the Vienna Music Academy from 1952 to 1955 . From 1954 to 1988 he occupied a similar post at

Article

1762 ). German writer , translator , harpsichordist , lutenist and composer . Gottsched studied composition with J.L. Krebs, a pupil of J.S. Bach. In 1735 she married Johann Christoph Gottsched, a leading literary figure of the German Enlightenment who exerted a great influence on German opera and whose house was a centre of musical and intellectual activity. The Gottscheds were received at the court of Maria Theresa in Vienna in 1749 . Bibliography MGG1 (‘Gottsched, Johann Christoph’; W. Serauky , H. Haase )

Article

Russell Stinson

performed in 1722 in recognition of Maria Josepha's first visit to Leipzig. Another was the ode Landesvater! Held August! , to words by the Leipzig professor J.C. Gottsched, performed by the ensemble in 1728 to celebrate the birthday of August the Strong. Of Schott's music for the Neukirche, there is documentation only of two Pentecost cantatas, Du unbegreiflich höchstes Gut and Komm heiliger Geist, heiliger Gott . Bibliography MGG1 ( D. Härtwig ) H.T. David and A. Mendel , eds.: The Bach Reader: a Life of Johann Sebastian Bach in Letters and Documents (New York

Article

Christoph Wolff and Peter Wollny

Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann Member of Bach family ( 45 ) ( b Weimar , Nov 22, 1710 ; d Berlin , July 1, 1784 ). Composer and organist , eldest son of (7) Johann Sebastian ( 24 ) and Maria Barbara Bach. Trained by his father and endowed with brilliant gifts, he expressed himself in the genres of his time in a sensitive and highly cultivated musical language. 1. Leipzig, Dresden, 1710–46. He was baptized on 24 November 1710 ; his godparents were the Weimar chamberlain Wilhelm Ferdinand von Lynker, Anna Dorothea Hagedorn and Friedemann Meckbach

Article

Jürg Stenzl

concerts, and on recordings (mainly with Fricsay). Her clean technique and flexible, well-focussed, though not large voice made her much in demand for the concert repertory, from Bach’s Passions to Verdi’s Requiem. She gave an indication of her working methods in her book Gesang (Lektion) Arie ‘Aus Liebe will mein Heiland sterben’: Matthäus-Passion [ von ] Joh ( ann ) Seb ( astian ) Bach (Wie Meister üben, iii, Zürich, 1967 ; Eng. trans., 1968 ). She was honoured with the Salzburg Lilli Lehmann Medal ( 1950 ), the Mozart silver medal ( 1956 ) and the Hans Georg

Article

Christoph Wolff and Ulrich Leisinger

Aufführung des Jahres 1788’, MJb 1968–70, 264–80 M. Terry : ‘C.P.E. Bach and J.J.H. Westphal: a Clarification’, JAMS , 22 (1969), 106–15 A. Glöckner : ‘Neuerkenntnisse zu Johann Sebastian Bachs Aufführungskalender zwischen 1729 und 1735’, BJb 1981 , 43–75 E.E. Helm : ‘An Honorable Shortcut to the Works of C.P.E. Bach’, Music in the Classic Period: Essays in Honor of Barry S. Brook , ed. A.W. Atlas (New York,1985), 85–98 R. von Zahn : ‘Johann Maria Bach und das Hamburger Stadtkantorat’, Mf , 43 (1990), 146–50 R. von Zahn : Musikpflege in Hamburg um 1800:

Article

Christoph Wolff and Walter Emery

planned a detailed Bach biography in the early 1770s and carefully collected first-hand information on Bach, chiefly from his two eldest sons; the book appeared in 1802 , by when the Bach Revival had begun and various projected collected editions of Bach’s works were under way; it continues to serve, together with the 1754 obituary and the other 18th-century documents, as the foundation of Bach biography. 1. Childhood. Walter Emery, revised by Christoph Wolff The parents of Johann Sebastian were Johann Ambrosius Bach ( 11 ) and Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt

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Goldberg seems not to have accompanied Count Keyserlingk from Dresden to Potsdam in 1745 and is next traceable about 1749–51 (according to Dadder) at a concert at which Keyserlingk (back in Dresden from 1749 ), Electress Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Saxony and W.F. Bach (presumably visiting from Halle) were also present, according to W.F. Bach's letter to the electress in 1767 . In 1751 Goldberg joined the private musical establishment of Count Heinrich von Brühl, which had been weakened by the departure of both Georg Gebel (ii) and Gottlob Harrer in 1750 . He

Article

Vincent [ van Ijzer-Vincent ], Jo(hanna Maria) ( b Amsterdam , March 6, 1898 ; d Monte Carlo , Nov 28, 1989 ). Dutch soprano . She was the daughter of Jacobus Vincent, carillonneur of the Amsterdam Royal Palace. She studied with Catherina van Rennes and Cornélie van Zanten, and made her début in 1921 . She became the leading concert soprano of the Netherlands; her only operatic appearance was in 1939 at Scheveningen as Countess Almaviva. She appeared regularly in concert with Mengelberg in Beethoven, Bach and Mahler. Outside the Netherlands

Article

José Duarte

Hochschule für Musik, as well as with Miroslav Vitous. He has been active in classical music as a member of the Lisbon Chamber Orchestra as well as several German ensembles, including the Bach Kammerorchester and Wernecker Kammerorches-ter, and in pop music, performing and recording with leading Portuguese artists. As a jazz musician he performed at festivals with Kenny Wheeler, Aki Takase, Maria João, Paolo Fresu, Mário Laginha, Julian Argüelles, Steve Argüelles, Alex Schlippenbach, and numerous others. Late in 1995 he recorded Azul (EmA 532951-2) with the electric guitarist

Article

Douglas A. Lee and Gregory Butler

Originalausgaben der Werke Johann Sebastian Bachs (Vienna, 1937) H. Heussner : ‘Der Musikdrucker Balthasar Schmid in Nürnberg’, Mf , 16 (1963), 348–62 W. Emery : ‘Schmid and the Goldberg’, MT , 105 (1964), 350 only W. Wöthmüller , ed.: Die Nürnberger Musikverleger und die familie Bach (Nuremberg, 1973) C. Wolff : Introduction to Johann Sebastian Bach: Clavier-Übung Teil I-IV: Faksimile-Ausgabe nach Exemplaren der Musikbibliothek der Stadt Leipzig (Dresden and Leipzig, 1984) G. Butler : ‘The Engraving of J.S. Bach's Six Partitas ’, JMR , 7 (1986), 3–27

Article

Felix Aprahamian

revised by Paul Hale

him at the forefront of touring organ recitalists, and drew distinguished pupils from all over the world. In 1945 , at S Ignazio in Rome, he gave the first performance in Italy of Bach’s complete organ works, for many years repeating them there or at the Basilica of S Maria in Aracoeli. In 1949 he published in book form ( Guida illustrativa alle composizioni per organo di J.S. Bach ) the notes written for this series. For 11 years from 1948 he was first organist at S Pietro, Rome. In the postwar years Germani extended his already considerable repertory to encompass

Article

Hugh J. McLean

awaits modern editions. The brilliant harpsichord writing of the double concerto in B minor pays homage to Bach’s Fifth Brandenburg Concerto, and the opening chorus of the cantata Gott fähret auf to bwv 51. The five-part motet Erforsche mich, Gott is a strong work in the mainstream of the Bach polyphonic tradition without, however, showing any obvious derivations from Bach’s own motets. On the other hand the opening of the oratorio in memory of Queen Maria Josepha of Poland promises well with a solemn and poignant chorus, but then dissolves into a succession of

Article

Christoph Wolff

(Wilhelmshaven, 1966) D. Sackmann : ‘Johann Michael, der “Gehrener Bach” (1648–1694)’, Musik und Gottesdienst , 48 (1994), 49–57 P. Wollny : ‘Materialien zur Schweinfurter Musikpflege im 17. Jahrhundert: von 1592 bis zum Tod Georg Christoph Bachs (1642–1697)’, Schütz Jb 1997 , 113–63 H. Brück : ‘Eine “Verordnung der Music” der Kaufmannskirche zu Erfurt von 1671 als Nachweis unbekannter Kompositionen von Johann Michael Bach (1648–1694)’, BJb 1998 , 183–5 H.-J. Schulze and C. Wolff , eds.: Bach Repertorium (forthcoming)