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Article

Spasov, Bozhidar  

Maria Kostakeva

: ‘Balletpantomime Der Verzauberte von B. Spassov’, Musik und Gesellschaft , (July 1979), 433 I. Allihn : ‘Dresdner Musikfestspiele 1979’, Bulletin Musikrat der DDR (1979), no.2, 48–57 E. Schmidt : ‘Vielfalt der Formen und Sujets’, Oper heute , vol.4 (1981), 141–78 M. Kostakeva and A. Petrova : ‘Postmoderni tendentsii v Bozhidar Spasov i Stefan Dragostinov v kraya na 70–te godini’ [Postmodern tendencies in the works of Spasov and Dragostinov at the end of the 1970s], Balgarsko muzikoznaniye , vol.17/2 (1993), 67–80 A. Petrova : ‘Spasenieto e v ironijata

Article

Bukoreshtliyev, Angel  

Maria Kostakeva

(b Plevnya, nr Drama, Jan 31, 1870; d Plovdiv, Jan 3, 1950). Bulgarian composer, conductor, pianist, and ethnomusicologist, one of the pioneers of professional music in Bulgaria. He received his musical education at the Prague Organ School, where he graduated in 1890. From 1894 he worked as a teacher in the King Alexander high school in Plovdiv. In 1896 he founded the Singing Society in Plovdiv, which he directed about 50 years. Between 1892 and 1898 he undertook folklore expeditions in Rodopi, Mittelforest, and Macedonia and recorded 2500 songs. In 1902 he became editor of the monthly Musicanthology. In 1921 he founded the first private music school, called Rodna pesen (‘Heimat song’), in Plovdiv and was its first director. He was among the first musicians to work professionally after Bulgaria's liberation from the Ottoman Empire in 1876. Like Dobri Khristov and other composers he collected previously unresearched folksongs from various regions of the country; 461 of these songs were published in the Bulgarian folklore anthology ...

Article

Badinski, Nikolai.  

Maria Kostakeva

(b Sofia, Dec 19, 1937). Bulgarian composer. He graduated from the Sofia Academy of Music in 1961, and from 1962 worked in Halle and East Berlin as a violinist and composer. From 1967 to 1970 he studied composition with Rudolf Wagner-Régeny and Günter Kochan as a postgraduate at the Akademie der Künste in East Berlin. In 1975 and 1976 he attended courses in Siena given by Dallapiccola and Donatoni, and from 1974 took part in Darmstadt summer courses. In 1976 he moved to West Berlin, where he has since worked as a freelance composer. In 1980 he received a one-year scholarship to the Villa Massimo, Rome, and in 1981–2 and 1985–6 received stipends to live and work in Paris. He was composer-in-residence at the Djerassi Foundation, 1987, and has taught at a number of colleges and universities, notably in Stockholm and Copenhagen. He has won many international awards, for instance in the Viotti, Stockhausen, and Trieste competitions, and in ...

Article

Tanev, Aleksandar  

Maria Kostakeva

(b Budapest, Oct 23, 1928; d April 15, 1996). Bulgarian composer. He studied law at Sofia University and then music at the Sofia Conservatory, where he studied composition with Veselin Stoyanov. He was active as an official of the Bulgarian Composers’ Union (particularly with regard to choral singing at leading institutions), and from 1970 he taught composition at the Sofia Conservatory. The political songs, choral songs, and folksong arrangements for which he is best known are influenced by the choral music of Dobri Khristov. With their emotionality, concise melodies, and well-conceived structures, Tanev’s songs are popular with amateur choral societies and are frequently performed. In large-scale works for chorus and orchestra, for example the oratorios Letopis na svobodata (‘Chronicle of Freedom’) and Pesen na pesnite (‘Song of Songs’), he endeavoured to create an art form that contains clear politico-social aims. His entire output (over 200 works) conveys the tenets of socialist realism: democracy, patriotism, and a direct means of expression....

Article

Täpkov, Dimitär  

Mariya Kostakeva

revised by Milena Bozhikova

(b Sofia, July 12, 1929; d Sofia, Bulgaria, May 10, 2011). Bulgarian composer. He studied at the Polytechnic University, Sofia, and in 1956 graduated from Goleminov’s composition class at the State Academy of Music. He was head of the music department of Sofia Radio (1956–62), general secretary of the Bulgarian Composers’ Union (1962–5), and director of the National Opera (1967–70). He then served as deputy director of the Institute of Art Studies at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1972–9), rector of the State Academy of Music (1979–82), and as the Bulgarian deputy minister for culture (1982–6). He was appointed professor of composition at the academy (1976, a position he held until 1995) and professor of music theory at the University of Shumen in 1995. He taught orchestration at the State Academy of Music (from ...

Article

Stoyanov, Veselin  

Mariya Kostakeva

(b Shumen, April 20, 1902; d Sofia, June 29, 1969). Bulgarian composer. One of the most important representatives of the so-called contemporary classicism in Bulgaria during the 1930s. From 1926 to 1930 he studied composition with Franz Schmidt at the Vienna Hochschule für Musik. After returning to Bulgaria he first worked as a concert pianist then as a conductor and professor of composition and theory at the Sofia Conservatory. He was director of the conservatory during the years 1943–5 and 1956–62, and director of the Sofia National Opera from 1953 to 1954.

In its tending towards exoticism, large-scale forces and through-composed forms sustained by leitmotif technique, his work bears the hallmarks of late Romanticism as represented by Strauss. A national stamp to this style is provided by modal colouring, peculiarly Bulgarian irregular rhythms, complicated rhythmic figures and melismas, as well as the use of Balkan modes containing the interval of the augmented 2nd. These are all present in his most important work, the opera ...

Article

Yosifov, Aleksandar  

Mariya Kostakeva

(b Sofia, Aug 12, 1940). Bulgarian composer. At the Sofia Conservatory he studied composition with V.P. Vladigerov and conducting with K. Iliyev. From 1969 to 1987 he was director of the Balkanton recording company. As an active functionary in communist Bulgaria, he became a representative of the school of socialist realism. His writing, which was generously supported by the state, is typical of the populist mass art of the 1970s and 80s. His endeavours to strike a popular tone are expressed through politicization and a musical language in which song, dance and marching rhythms assume the appearance of extended, through-composed and lavishly orchestrated forms. Yosifov's best-known opera, Han Krum Yuvigi (1981), is based on an historical subject celebrating the centenary of Bulgarian liberation from Turkish rule and the 1300th anniversary of the founding of the nation. Dominated by pathos and a romantic sublimity, the opera is full of striking dramatic effects and has an abundance of scenic contrasts....

Article

Pipkov, Panayot  

Lada Brashovanova and Mariya Kostakeva

(b Plovdiv, Nov 21, 1871; d Sofia, Aug 25, 1942). Bulgarian composer. As a child he studied the violin and sang in Baidanov's choir. In 1893 a scholarship enabled him to study for two years at the Milan Conservatory. Thereafter he returned to Bulgaria to work as a choral and orchestral conductor in Ruse, and from 1905 until his death he was active in Sofia as a teacher, actor, bandmaster, composer, chorus master of the Sofia National Opera, collaborator on a humorous newspaper and writer of poetry and plays.

Pipkov left a large number of choral songs, many for children, but he is notable above all for his small piano pieces, the first Bulgarian contributions to the genre. His very popular choral hymn Varvi, narode vasrodeni (‘Go, Enlightened People’) is sung throughout Bulgaria each 24 May, Slavonic Literature Day.

(selective list)

Principal publishers: Hemus

Article

Hlebarov, Ivan  

Milena Bozhikova

the title of Doctor Honoris Causa of the National Academy of Music ‘Pancho Vladigerov’, Sofia, for professional merit and in honour of his 80th birthday. Writings ( selective list ) Sergei Prokofiev (Sofia, 1965) Maurice Ravel (Sofia, 1966) with M. Kostakeva and K. Drumeva : Lyubomir Pipkov: Studii [L. Pipkov: studies] (Sofia, 1975) Simfonizmăt na bălgarskite kompozitori ot vtoroto pokolenie [The symphonism of the second generation of Bulgarian composers] (Sofia, 1977) Istoriya na bălgarskata muzikalna kultura: Uvod [History

Article

Pipkov, Lyubomir  

Ivan Hlebarov

Kamburov : ‘Uspekhite na yedin mlad komponist’ [The success of a young composer], Literaturen glas (21 Oct 1928) K. Iliyev : Lyubomir Pipkov (Sofia, 1958) L. Koyen : Lyubomir Pipkov (Sofia, 1968) V. Krustev : ‘Lyubomir Pipkov’, Profili (1976–86) K.D. Drumeva , M. Kostakeva and I. Khlebarov : Lyubomir Pipkov (Moscow, 1976) G. Tsanev , ed.: ‘Lyubomir Pipkov’, Sreshti s minaloto [Meetings with the past] (Sofia, 1977) I. Hlebarov : Tvorcheskata evolyutsiya na Lyubomir Pipkov [Pipkov's creative evolution] (Sofia, 1996), vol.1

Article

Arnaoudov, Georgi  

Anna Levy and Gregory Myers

revised by Milena Bozhikova

other side of the music: RADAR – festival beyond music], Kultura Weekly (18 Sept 2015), 8 Reviews about contemporary music and musicians and interviews in Bulgarian Musicology , Et Cetera , Kultura Weekly , Literature Newspaper , and national journals Bibliography MGG2 ( M. Kostakeva ) ‘Tvorčestvoto ne e stoka za prodan’ [Composition is no commodity for sale], Otečestven front (26 June 1989) [interview] ‘Zadălbočeno, mnogoobrazno, iskreno: kompozitorăt G. Arnaudov’ [Deep, multifaceted, sincere: the composer Arnaoudov], Puls (11 July 1989) ‘Gheorghi Arnaoudov:

Article

Musicology  

Vincent Duckles, Jann Pasler, Glenn Stanley, Thomas Christensen, Barbara H. Haggh, Robert Balchin, Laurence Libin, Tilman Seebass, Janet K. Page, Lydia Goehr, Bojan Bujic, Eric F. Clarke, Susan McClary, Jean Gribenski, Carolyn Gianturco, Pamela M. Potter, David Fallows, Miloš Velimirović, Katy Romanou, Gary Tomlinson, Gerard Béhague, Masakata Kanazawa, and Peter Platt

by the Union of Bulgarian Composers. A key figure in medieval studies and liturgical music in the 1950s was Petăr Dinev , followed by Elena Toncheva , Bozidar Karastoyanov, and Svetlana Kujumdzhieva. Contemporary music and music theory are represented by Svetlana Neycheva, Maria Kostakeva, Milena Bozhikova, Bozhidar Spasov , Angelina Petrova, and Kristina Yapova. In the countries that were once part of Yugoslavia the 19th-century beginnings of music historiography can be traced to those areas belonging to the Austrian empire before 1918. Perhaps the most significant