Baryton [baritone, barydon, paradon, paridon, pariton, viola di bardone, viola di bordone](i)
- Julie Anne Sadie
- and Terence M. Pamplin
[baritone, barydon, paradon, paridon, pariton, viola di bardone, viola di bordone]
A bass string instrument that is simultaneously bowed from above and plucked from behind. (The term ‘lyra bastarda’ is occasionally – although incorrectly – applied to the baryton.) The baryton is a hybrid instrument based on the Baroque bass viol and incorporating features of the Lyra viol and the Bandora, a metal-strung plucked bass instrument. There are three basic forms: Baroque, Classical and revival. The Baroque baryton was played ‘lyra-way’ as a solo instrument from tablature. It had six gut bowed strings attached and adjusted like those of a bass viol, but tuned in a range of scordatura tunings (the upper manual), and nine metal bass strings (C–d), hitched at the fingerboard nut and tuned by wrest pins in a separate bridge (the lower manual). The metal strings lay parallel to the fingerboard on the bass side and were plucked from behind the neck with the left thumb. They provided the instrument with the capability for self-accompaniment and enhanced the sound by sympathetic resonance (...