Béclard d'Harcourt [née Béclard], Marguerite
- Barbara L. Kelly
(b Paris, Feb 24, 1884; d Paris, Aug 2, 1964). French composer and ethnomusicologist. She studied the organ with Abel Decaux, composition with d'Indy at the Schola Cantorum, and, later, counterpoint with Maurice Emmanuel, and developed a deep interest in modes and folksong. From 1912, interrupted briefly by the war, she and her husband, the anthropologist Raoul d'Harcourt, carried out fieldwork in the Andes, which resulted in various publications from 1922, including the first notated collection of Quechua songs (1923). La musique des Incas et ses survivances (1925) contains descriptions of musical instruments, festivals, dances and folklore as well as analyses and transcriptions of 200 melodies with words and popular urban harmonizations. Their research was not confined to South America, as the comprehensive study Chansons folkloriques françaises au Canada (1956) testifies.
Béclard d'Harcourt's compositions are strikingly modal in character. Imitative and fugal writing alternates with block harmony in the syllabic setting of Charles d'Orléans’ ...