Benedictus(i) (Lat.: ‘blessed’)
- Richard Sherr
Part of the Sanctus after the first Hosanna, consisting of the sentence ‘Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini’ followed by a repeat of the Hosanna. It is an adaptation of a quotation from Matthew xxi.9: ‘Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!’ which is itself an adaptation of Psalm cxviii.26. It is found in the Roman liturgy from the 7th century, and may have been added to the Roman Sanctus, together with the two Hosannas, through Gallican influence. It was also sung in various oriental rites and is attested in the Jewish Pesaḥ (Passover) ritual....