Casals, Pablo [Pau]
- Robert Anderson
(b Vendrell, Dec 29, 1876; d Puerto Rico, Oct 22, 1973). Catalan cellist, conductor, pianist and composer. The son of musical parents, he was accomplished on the piano, organ and violin before first hearing a cello when he was 11. In 1887 he studied the cello with Garcia at the Barcelona Escuela Municipal de Música, and the piano and composition with Rodoreda. Technical experiments with bowing and fingering soon produced an individual style and unprecedented mastery. After his début at Barcelona on 23 February 1891, performances in cafés helped his finances; discovery of the Bach unaccompanied suites encouraged his serious approach to music and launched him on a lifetime’s study. Through Albéniz he was introduced to the queen regent’s private secretary, the Count de Morphy, an avid musical amateur and thenceforth Casals’s patron. In 1893 the queen regent awarded him a scholarship to study at the Madrid Conservatory under Bretón (composition) and Monasterio (chamber music), and in ...