Crusell, Bernhard Henrik
- Fabian Dahlström
(b Uusikaupunki, Finland, Oct 15, 1775; d Stockholm, July 28, 1838). Swedish-Finnish clarinettist, composer and translator. The son of a poor bookbinder, he received his earliest musical education from a clarinettist of the Nyland regimental band. In 1788 he became a volunteer musician in the military band at Sveaborg, outside Helsinki, and in 1791 he was transferred to Stockholm. From 1793 to 1833 he was a clarinettist in the court orchestra. In 1798 he studied the clarinet with Franz Tausch in Berlin and gave concerts there and in Hamburg. In Sweden he became a distinguished soloist, performing concertos and chamber music by Peter Winter, L.A. Lebrun, L.-E. Jadin, Krommer, Beethoven, Mozart and others, as well as his own works. Reviews emphasize his tone and in particular his pianissimo. About 1800 Crusell played with the reed turned upwards, and later with the reed turned downwards, which favours cantabile playing. After ...