- Warren Anderson
- and Thomas J. Mathiesen
(fl late 5th century bce). Greek music theorist. A highly influential figure of the Periclean age. Damon had paramount importance among the pre-Socratics for doctrines of musical ethos. Dance and song ‘necessarily arise when the soul is in some way moved’, he maintained (Diels, 37/B/6), aware that purposive action originates in the soul. He went on to voice the primary tenet of all musical ethics, claiming that ‘liberal [i.e. befitting a free man] and beautiful songs and dances create a similar soul, and the reverse kind creates a reverse kind of soul’ (ibid.). According to a late author, ...