De Giosa, Nicola
- Andrea Lanza
(b Bari, May 3, 1819; d Bari, July 7, 1885). Italian composer and conductor. In 1834 he obtained a free place at the Naples Conservatory, where he studied the flute with Bongiorno, counterpoint with Ruggi, harmony with Zingarelli and composition with Donizetti. In 1841 he left the conservatory because of disagreements with the director Mercadante and composed the opera buffa La casa di tre artisti (Naples, 1842). As L’arrivo del signor zio it was repeated in 1846 at Genoa, where it had little success, and at Milan, where it caused a controversy between the supporters of the old Neapolitan school and the new style of Verdi, whose I due Foscari was also being given. This ended with the triumph of the Verdian party.
A series of works followed in the best tradition of Neapolitan opera buffa, culminating in Don Checco (Naples, 1850), his masterpiece and one of the greatest successes in the history of opera in Naples. His later comic operas declined in quality, but remained in demand by the principal Italian centres. The most successful of these was ...