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date: 14 November 2019

Florence (It. Firenze)locked

  • Frank A. D’Accone,
  • John Walter Hill,
  • Leonardo Pinzauti
  •  and Julian Budden

Extract

(It. Firenze)

City in Italy. It stands at the natural boundary between the north and the south of the country, and owes its special cultural prestige to the fact that its dialect was raised to the dignity of national language by Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio; in different ways, these authors established unsurpassed models of artistic expression in which the essential characteristics of Italian life and temperament were perfectly mirrored. The city has traditionally been regarded as a national cultural centre, a place where artists and intellectuals from all over the world found their natural home. Economic prosperity, realized mainly through craftsmanship and international commerce, helped give support to an exalted level of achievement in every aspect of culture, from philosophy to architecture, from science to poetry, from visual arts to humanistic scholarship; and music is second to none of them.

Documentary evidence of Florentine musical history is slender before 1200, though recent research on the cathedral’s surviving chant manuscripts points to a rich repertory reflecting both local and Roman traditions. Developments after ...

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Enciclopedia dello spettacolo
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