- Bernarr Rainbow
A French system of teaching sight-singing. It was based on the figure-notation proposed by Rousseau in 1742 but with later modifications introduced by Pierre Galin, Aimé Paris and his sister Nanine, and her husband Emile Chevé. The central feature of the method is a notation of numerals from 1 to 7, with 1 representing the major tonic. Allowing a compass of three octaves for vocal music, the lower and upper octaves respectively are marked by the insertion of dots below or above the numerals (1̣ 2̣ 3̣ 4̣ 5̣ 6̣ 7̣ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1̣ 2̣ 3̣ 4̣ 5̣ 6̣ 7̣). Key is shown by a simple statement at the beginning of a piece, for example ‘F = 1: ton fa’. Accidental sharps are marked with an oblique stroke through the numeral from left to right, flats by a stroke in the opposite direction; rests are shown as zeros (...