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date: 25 November 2020

Gardano family [Gardane]locked

  • Mary S. Lewis
  •  and Richard J. Agee



Italian family of music printers. They were active in Venice.

Mary S. Lewis

(b southern France, 1509; d Venice, Oct 28, 1569). Printer and publisher. Called ‘musico francese’ in Venetian documents, he was probably from the region around Gardanne in southern France, an area that included the diocese of Fréjus, episcopal see of Gardano’s first patron, Bishop Leone Orsini. Gardano’s printer’s mark, a lion and a bear facing each other, was inspired by the leone and orso of his patron’s name. Until 1555 he used the French spelling ‘Gardane’ in his imprints; afterwards he and his sons adopted the Italian form. Gardano probably moved to Venice in the late 1530s, becoming a member of the city’s intellectual and artistic circles, and may have conducted a music school before opening his printing house and bookshop on the calle de la Scimia in 1538. He was a friend of Pietro Aretino’s secretary, Nicolò Franco, and published his letters and a dialogue before Franco fell into Aretino’s bad graces and left the city. These were the only non-musical works Gardano printed....

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