- Michael T.R.B. Turnbull
(b Aberdeen, Feb 20, 1874; d Inverurie, Scotland, Jan 3, 1967). American soprano of Scottish birth. Taken to the USA in 1883, she studied singing in Chicago with Sarah Robinson-Duff, supported financially by wealthy patrons David and Florence Mayer. In 1896 the Mayers financed her further studies in Paris, chiefly with Trabadelo and Lucien Fugère. When her patrons withdrew their support in 1899, Garden was coached by the American soprano Sybyl Sanderson, through whom she met Albert Carré, director of the Opéra-Comique, and Massenet. After much preparation she was engaged for the Opéra-Comique, making an acclaimed unscheduled début as Charpentier's Louise on 10 April 1900 when, after the first act, Marthe Rioton succumbed to illness. Other leading roles soon followed: she created Marie in Lucien Lambert's La Marseillaise and Diane in Pierné's La fille de Tabarin. She was coached by Sanderson for Thaïs at Aix-les-Bains, then sang Manon and Messager's ...