Gardner, John (Linton)
- Andrew Burn
(b Manchester, March 2, 1917; d Liss Forest, Hampshire, December 12, 2011). English composer and teacher. He was organ scholar at Exeter College, Oxford (1935–9), where his teachers included Armstrong, Walker and Morris. After war service he was a répétiteur at the Covent Garden Opera Company (1946–52); tutor (1952–76) and director of music (1965–9) at Morley College; visiting director of music at St Paul’s Girls’ School (1962–75); and professor of harmony and counterpoint, RAM (1956–86). He was made a CBE in 1976.
Gardner composed copiously from childhood. At Oxford the influence of Adorno was more significant than his teachers, and before World War II some chamber works were performed although they were subsequently withdrawn. His compositional career effectively recommenced with the première of the Symphony no.1 (1946–7) at the 1951 Cheltenham Festival under Barbirolli. Its success led to several major commissions including ...