Ginastera, Alberto (Evaristo)
- Deborah Schwartz-Kates
(b Buenos Aires, April 11, 1916; d Geneva, June 25, 1983). Argentine composer. His original creative achievement established his position as one of the leading 20th-century composers of the Americas.
Born to Argentine parents of Catalan and Italian descent, Ginastera showed promising signs of musical ability and began to take music lessons at the age of seven. Five years later he enrolled in the Conservatorio Williams, graduating in 1935 with a gold medal in composition. The following year he entered the Conservatorio Nacional de Música, studying harmony with Athos Palma, counterpoint with José Gil, and composition with José André. An auspicious opportunity came in 1937, when Juan José Castro premiered the composer’s Panambí suite (derived from the homonymous ballet) at the Teatro Colón. This performance, which took place while Ginastera was still a student, revealed a work of rhythmic verve and orchestral brilliance, establishing his reputation as an Argentine composer of significance. One year later he completed his training at the Conservatorio Nacional, receiving a professor’s diploma for his ...