Gorzanis, Giacomo [Jacomo (de)
- Arthur J. Ness
- , revised by John H. Robinson
(b province of Puglia, c1520; d ?Trieste, between 1575 and 1579). Italian composer and virtuoso lutenist. He was blind and may have been a member of the nobility. Since his napolitane show a close stylistic affinity with those of Felis, Nenna and Antiquis, it is possible that Gorzanis spent his early career at the Spanish court at Bari. About 1557 he travelled to the Austrian duchies of Carinthia and Carniola, continuing on to Munich where he appeared at court. He settled in Trieste and received citizenship before 1567. His works for lute are important precursors of the Italian variation dance suite. Much of his music consists of suites in two and three sections, containing dances (e.g. passamezzo, paduana, galliard, balo todescho and saltarello), in which individual movements are frequently treated to a number of increasingly complex and virtuoso variations. Some of the dances draw on French or Italian vocal polyphony for their opening thematic and harmonic material, others use the popular ...