Hines, Earl (Kenneth) [Earl Fatha, Fatha]
- James Dapogny
(Kenneth) [Earl Fatha, Fatha]
(b Duquesne, PA, Dec 28, 1903; d Oakland, CA, April 22, 1983). American jazz pianist and bandleader. He studied the trumpet briefly with his father, took his first piano lessons with his mother, and later studied with other teachers in Pittsburgh. He first played professionally in 1918, accompanying the singer Lois Deppe, with whom he later made his first recordings; his earnings allowed him to study with two local pianists.
Hines moved to Chicago in 1923. He played with Carroll Dickerson’s orchestra at the Entertainer’s Club (c1925), on a 42-week tour to the West Coast and Canada (1925–6) and back in Chicago at the Sunset Club. During this last engagement Hines and his fellow sideman Louis Armstrong doubled as members of Erskine Tate’s Vendome Theater Orchestra. In 1927 Hines became director of Dickerson’s group under Armstrong’s nominal leadership and at the end of the year he joined Jimmie Noone’s band at the Apex Club. In ...