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date: 29 November 2020

Jaques-Dalcroze, Emilelocked

  • Lawrence W. Haward
  • , revised by Reinhard Ring

Extract

(b Vienna, July 6, 1865; d Geneva, July 1, 1950). Swiss music educationist and composer . His early musical studies were pursued first at the Geneva Conservatoire, where he received a first prize for music and poetry, and later in Paris under Fauré, Delibes and Lussy and in Vienna under Bruckner and Fuchs. In 1886, for one season, he was assistant director of the Algiers Théâtre Municipal, where his interest in Middle Eastern rhythms was awakened. This had an enormous influence on his later conception of teaching musical experiences using polyrhythms and irregular rhythms. In 1892 he became professor of harmony at the Geneva Conservatoire, where to replace the traditional teaching method, which failed to give students a real experience of music, he gradually developed his system of co-ordinating music with body movements. He adopted some ideas of his teacher Lussy, who in turn drew on Momigny's theory of rhythm. Lussy's influence can be felt mainly in three areas: the physical manifestation of rhythm, the differentiation between various accent types (in addition to metrical and rhythmical accentuation, Jaques-Dalcroze also worked with the ‘pathetic accent’), and the adoption in music of terms derived from the metrical theories of classical poetry....

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