Mackenzie, Sir Alexander Campbell
- Duncan J. Barker
(b Edinburgh, Aug 22, 1847; d London, April 28, 1935). Scottish composer and conductor. He was born into a musical family: his father, Alexander Mackenzie (1819–57), leader of the orchestra at the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, was a respected violinist, composer and arranger of traditional music. The boy’s musical talent soon became manifest and his father decided to send him to Germany for instruction, escorting him to Sondershausen in 1857, shortly before his death. Mackenzie attended the Realschule, receiving tuition from K.W. Uhlrich (theory) and Eduard Stein (violin). He played second violin in the ducal orchestra, performing in many premières of works by Liszt, Wagner and Berlioz. These years proved formative in the young musician’s practical attitudes to music and knowledge of orchestral repertory. In 1862 Mackenzie went to London intending to study the violin with his father’s former tutor, Prosper Sainton. His only means of realizing that aim was to enter the RAM, where he was awarded a King’s Scholarship and where he also studied with Charles Lucas (harmony) and F.B. Jewson (piano). During this period he gained much practical experience playing in London theatre orchestras, and some of his early compositions were performed at the RAM....