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date: 22 October 2019

Madeira [née Browning], Jean locked

  • Harold Rosenthal
  • , revised by Alan Blyth


( b Centralia, IL, Nov 14, 1918; d Providence, RI, July 10, 1972). American contralto . She studied at the Juilliard School of Music and under the name Jean Browning made her début in 1943 at the Chautauqua Summer Opera as Nancy (Martha). In 1947 she was chosen by Menotti to alternate with Marie Powers in the European tour of The Medium. She joined the Metropolitan in 1948, making her début as the First Norn. From 1955 she sang mostly in Europe: she appeared as Clytemnestra, one of her greatest roles, at Salzburg (1956), as Carmen at Vienna and Aix-en-Provence and as Erda at Covent Garden, Bayreuth and Munich. She created Circe in Dallapiccola’s Ulisse (1968, Berlin) and continued to sing until 1971. She had a rich, dark voice and was a compelling figure on the stage. Her arresting Erda can be heard on Solti’s recording of ...

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