Muñoz Molleda, José
- Guy Bourligueux
(b La Línea de la Concepción, Cádiz, Feb 16, 1905; d Madrid, May 26, 1988). Spanish composer. In 1922 he began his studies at the Madrid Conservatory, where his teachers included Antonio Cardona and José Tragó (piano) and del Campo (composition); he was also advised by Respighi. In addition he studied painting at the Escuela Central de Bellas Artes de S Fernando, Madrid. He won many prizes including the Rome Prize (1934) and the National Prize of Spain (1951). He was elected a member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de S Fernando in 1961 and the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de S Carlos, Valencia, in 1973.
In his youth Muñoz Molleda greatly admired the music of Beethoven, Falla and Debussy, though he avoided their direct influence. His music is traditional in style, homogeneous and well-balanced, recalling Ravel in the Piano Concerto. He also cultivated an Andalusian picturesqueness. His later compositions are of a religious nature, and the influence of Gregorian chant can be heard....