- David Hiley
Chant composed for the neo-Gallican liturgical movement in France from the second half of the 17th century to the first half of the 19th. For non-metrical texts a pseudo-Gregorian style was usually adopted; for metrical texts (hymns, sequences etc.) tonal melodies were composed.
The bull of Pope Pius V, Quod a nobis (9 July 1568), gave to all churches whose liturgical use was demonstrably more than 200 years old the right to retain their liturgies. The Roman Breviarum Pianum (1568, rev. 1602 and 1632) and the Graduale … Medicaea (1614–15) were not universally adopted. Most French chapters stood firmly for their customs, and only prelates such as the unscrupulous François de Harlay (Bishop of Rouen, 1614–51), ambitious for a cardinalate, were able to impose a Romanized liturgy on their dioceses. However, the idea, borrowed from Rome itself (witness the controversial breviary of Cardinal Quiñonez of ...