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date: 27 January 2020


  • Ian D. Bent,
  • David W. Hughes,
  • Robert C. Provine,
  • Richard Rastall,
  • Anne Kilmer,
  • David Hiley,
  • Janka Szendrei,
  • Thomas B. Payne,
  • Margaret Bent
  •  and Geoffrey Chew


A visual analogue of musical sound, either as a record of sound heard or imagined, or as a set of visual instructions for performers.

This article includes a discussion of notation in society (§II), subdivided into its primary types, which are considered with reference to various notational systems. Other specialized aspects of notation are considered in separate entries: Braille notation; Cheironomy; Ekphonetic notation; Pitch nomenclature; Shape-note hymnody; Solmization; Tablature; and Tonic Sol-fa. For non-Western notational systems see, in particular, China, People’s Republic of, §II, China, People’s Republic of, §IV; Indonesia; and Japan, §III, 4. Other related entries on technical subjects include Conducting; Improvisation; Mode; Psychology of music; Scale; and Tuning.

Whereas Western notation is considered as such in §III, a discussion of musical documents as sources – their physical make-up and production, their format, the layout and presentation of the music, the ordering of their contents – will be found in ...

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Seville, Institución Colombina
Paris, Schola Cantorum
Hereford, Cathedral Library
Durham, Cathedral Church, Dean and Chapter Library
Revue belge de musicologie
Corpus scriptorum de musica (Rome, later Stuttgart, 1950-)
Kraków, Archiwum i Biblioteka Krakowskiej Kapituły Katedralnej
Linz, Bundesstaatliche Studienbibliothek
Pistoia, Biblioteca Comunale Forteguerriana
London, British Library
Vienna, Schottenabtei, Musikarchiv
Bulletin of the American Musicological Society
Musical Times
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek
Acta musicologica
Die Musikforschung
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Warsaw, Biblioteka Narodowa
International Musical Society: Congress Report [II-IV, 1906-11]
Anuario musical
Bari, Biblioteca Capitolare
Cologny-Geneva, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale
Journal of Musicology
Epinal, Bibliothèque Nationale
The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliotheek
Prague, Národní Knihovna, Hudenbí Oddělení
St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Handschriftenabteilung
Chieti, Biblioteca della Curia Arcivescovile e Archivio Capitolare
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Benevento, Biblioteca Capitolare
Musical Opinion
Journal of Musicological Research
Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana
Verdun, Bibliothèque Municipale
C.-E.-H. de Coussemaker: Scriptorum de musica medii aevi nova series (Paris, 1864-76/R, 2/1908, ed. U. Moser)
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
M. Gerbert: Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra potissimum (St Blasien, 1784/R, 3/1931)
Das Musikwerk
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Modena, Biblioteca Estense e Universitaria
Muzïkal 'nïy sovremennik
see SMH
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Handschriftensammlung
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Pelplin, Wyzsze Seminarium Duchowne, Biblioteka
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Modena, Duomo, Biblioteca e Archivio Capitolare
Journal of Music Theory
Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Stiftsbibliothek
The English Madrigal School, rev. as The English Madrigalists
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Early Music History
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle
Etudes grégoriennes
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Güssing, Franziskaner Kloster
Brno, Archiv města Brna
Musical Quarterly
Current Musicology
Reading, University, Music Library
Istanbul, Topkapi Sarayi Müzesi
Monumenta monodica medii aevi
Wrocław, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka
Perspectives of New Music
Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Augsburg, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsbibliothek
Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek
London, Lambeth Palace Library
Deutsches Jahrbuch der Musikwissenschaft
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Reims, Maîtrise de la Cathédrale
Collectanea historiae musicae (1953-66)
Chartres, Bibliothèque Municipale
Monthly Musical Record
Perugia, Biblioteca Comunale Augusta
Monza, Parrocchia di S Giovanni Battista, Biblioteca Capitolare
Revista de musicología
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Abteilung Handschriften, Nachlässe, Alte Drucke
Prague, Národní Muzeum
Cortona, Biblioteca Comunale e dell'Accademia Etrusca
Budapest, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Egyetemi Könyvtár
Graz, Universitätsbibliothek
Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, rev. 2/1998 by L. Treitler)
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Montpellier, Bibliothèque Inter-Universitaire, Section Médecine
Paris, Bibliothèque Ste-Geneviève
Fontes artis musicae
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, 1950/R)
Paléographie musicale
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Musicological Studies and Documents
St Omer, Bibliothèque Municipale
Rome, Biblioteca Casanatense, sezione Musica
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
Utrecht, Universiteit Utrecht, Universiteitsbibliotheek
Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare
Einsiedeln, Benedikterkloster, Musikbibliothek
Dijon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Handwörterbuch der musikalischen Terminologie
Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Music Review
Padua, Duomo, Biblioteca Capitolare, Curia Vescovile
Bratislava, Archív Mesta Bratislavy
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Music & Letters
Toledo, Catedral, Archivo y Biblioteca Capítulares
Journal of the Viola da Gamba Society of America
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Aachen, Domarchiv (Stiftsarchiv)
Oxford, Bodleian Library
Journal of the International Folk Music Council
Leipzig, Karl-Marx-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Bibliotheca Albertina
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Prague, Pražská Metropolitní Kapitula
Revue de musicologie
Chantilly, Musée Condé
Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana e Biblioteca Arcivescovile
J.G. Walther: Musicalisches Lexicon, oder Musicalische Bibliothec
Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale
Early Music
Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Cambrai, Médiathèque Municipale
Journal of Research in Music Education
Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Siena, Biblioteca Comunale degli Intronati
Musica disciplina
Angers, Bibliothèque Municipale
Trier, Stadtbibliothek
Prague, Památník Národního Písemnictví, Knihovna