Pipe and tabor
- Anthony C. Baines
- , revised by Hélène La Rue
A pair of musical instruments consisting usually of a three-hole Duct flute and a snared drum played together by one person chiefly to provide music for dancing.
The pipe (Fr. flute à trois trous; Provençal galoubet; Ger. Schwegel, Tamerlinpfeife, Tämmerinpfeife, etc.) is a duct flute with three (occasionally four) holes, played with one hand. In England it is about 30 cm long, pitched in D, usually with a range of an 11th or 12th (in some instruments up to two octaves or more). The three holes allow for fingering four notes. The fundamental tones of the instrument can be sounded by blowing gently, but are not required; hence the first four degrees of the scale are produced as 2nd partial tones an octave above the fundamentals. Overblowing causes a rise of a 5th, making available the upper tetrachord of the scale (the eighth note can also be sounded as a fourth partial) and so on to complete the compass, using whichever partials speak best. The pipe is played with the left hand (the right hand holds the drumstick). The highest hole (at the rear of the instrument) is for the thumb; the other two are for the first and second fingers. The last two fingers grip the pipe at its lower extremity; the little finger can in most cases be extended to half cover the bell and thus supply the lower leading note. (Fingering charts are given in Mersenne, and Gehot.)...