Randall, J(ames) K(irtland)
- Elaine Barkin
(b Cleveland, June 16, 1929; d Princeton, NJ, May 28, 2014). American composer. He received early training at the Cleveland Institute of Music (1934–47) and subsequently attended Columbia University (BA 1955), Harvard (MA 1956) and Princeton (MFA 1958). He studied the piano with Leonard Shure and composition with Elwell, Thad Jones, Sessions and Babbitt. From 1958 to 1991 he taught at Princeton, where he was professor of music. He was a founding member of the American Society of University Composers and has written articles on composing and music theory for several journals, notably Perspectives of New Music.
From the early 1960s into the 1970s Randall engaged principally in computer synthesis of sound and, with Godfrey Winham, developed facilities for this at Princeton University. His tape compositions were generated by the MUSIC IV B program, a version of MUSIC IV introduced at Princeton. He designed his own software ‘instruments’, which enabled him to specify every aspect of every sound and structure developments within single notes in ways that reflect principles of development used in whole compositions – as, for example, in ...