Sainte-Colombe [Sainte Coulombe], Jean de
- Jonathan Dunford
(fl 1658–87; d by 1701). French viol player and composer. He has been identified from signatures on Parisian notary acts dating from the 1650s and 60s. On 23 April 1658 he witnessed the marriage contract of Nicolas Caron, organist at St Thomas du Louvre, who in turn stood witness for Sainte-Colombe's future son-in-law, Jean Varin, on 22 September 1669. This contract is in the name of Sainte-Colombe's eldest daughter, Françoise; Brigide, her sister, is also mentioned, as is Sainte-Colombe's wife, Marie Pichille.
In the late 1660s Sainte-Colombe lived in the rue de Bétizy, Paris, next door to the church of St Germain-l'Auxerrois. Marin Marais lived nearby, as also, in 1666, did one of Sainte-Colombe's colleagues Jean Lacquemant, known as Dubuisson. According to Jean Rousseau, Sainte-Colombe studied the viol with Nicolas Hotman and later became a renowned teacher himself, notably of Marais. He is credited with establishing the use of overspun bass strings, with adding a seventh string to the bass viol and with inventing a new left-hand technique. Another technique known as ‘furies’, involves passages entirely in demisemiquavers using separate bow strokes, frequently on the lower strings....