Scandello [Scandelli], Antonio [Scandellus, Antonius]
- Dane O. Heuchemer
(b Bergamo, Jan 17, 1517; d Dresden, Jan 18, 1580). Italian composer and instrumentalist, active in Germany. His rise to the position of Kapellmeister at the electoral court in Dresden made him one of the most important musicians in Germany during the second half of the 16th century. His family was one of several that supplied the city of Bergamo with trumpeters, and Antonio and his brother Angelo followed their father, Hieronimus, in this career. Antonio was first employed as a trumpeter in the city in 1530, and he subsequently served as a member of the town piffari. Surviving documents identify him also as a cornettist and perhaps also a trombonist. In 1547 he left Bergamo with Cerbonio and Matthias Besutio, for the court of Cardinal Madruzzi in Trent. During a visit to Trent in early 1549, Elector Moritz of Saxony hired Madruzzi's instrumentalists, following the trend of including Italian instrumentalists among court retinues, and by mid-April of that year Antonio and five other Italians were in Dresden; his brother Angelo joined them two years later....