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date: 29 January 2020

Schubert, Franz ( Peter )locked

  • Maurice J.E. Brown,
  • Eric Sams
  •  and Robert Winter

Extract

( Peter )

(b Vienna, Jan 31, 1797; d Vienna, Nov 19, 1828). Austrian composer. The only canonic Viennese composer native to Vienna, he made seminal contributions in the areas of orchestral music, chamber music, piano music and, most especially, the German lied. The richness and subtlety of his melodic and harmonic language, the originality of his accompaniments, his elevation of marginal genres and the enigmatic nature of his uneventful life have invited a wide range of readings of both man and music that remain among the most hotly debated in musical circles.

Robert Winter

Schubert's Vienna was a polyglot city, more than a fifth of whose population comprised Hungarians, Czechs, Italians, Croatians, Poles, Germans, Turks, Greeks and other nationalities. Most of Vienna's most celebrated musicians – Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Gluck, Salieri, Hummel – had been born in other parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire or outside it. As a native Viennese, Schubert became the direct beneficiary of its musical offerings. He was born in the district of the Himmelpfortgrund just north-west of the Ring, the bustling, overcrowded centre of the capital of the empire. His paternal ancestors were Moravian farmers; his father, Franz Theodor Florian (...

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