Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 13 November 2019

Sehnal, Jiřífree

  • John Tyrrell
  •  and Geoffrey Chew

(b Radslavice, nr Přerov, 15 Feb 1931).Czech musicologist. He studied musicology with Robert Smetana and Josef Schreiber, and aesthetics with Bohumil Markalous at Olomouc University (1950–55). He obtained the doctorate in 1967 at Brno University with a study of counterpoint in early Czech instrumental music, and the CSc degree (1970) with a study of the orchestra of Karl Liechtenstein-Castelcorn. After working as a librarian in Olomouc (1955–64), he was appointed research fellow (1964) and then head (1978) at the music history division of the Moravian Museum, Brno, retiring in 1994. Since 1990 he has lectured at the universities of Olomouc and Brno, receiving the titles of lecturer (1992) and professor (1997) at Brno.

Although Sehnal’s primary area of research has been in Moravian music of the 17th and 18th centuries, his ability to build up a broader picture from his many detailed studies has led to his recognition, both at home and abroad, as the leading Czech Baroque specialist of his generation. He wrote the 1620–1740 section of the standard Czech music history (1983), has contributed to numerous international conferences and Festschriften, and is a member of the Zentralinstitut für Mozart-Forschung, Salzburg, and of the Joseph-Haydn-Institut, Cologne. His publications include hundreds of articles for the sixth and seventh editions of The New Grove Dictionary of Music. His book on music at Olomouc Cathedral (1988) is typical of his work. Based on thorough archival research, it provides detailed information on all the choirmasters, organists, and other performers at the cathedral over two centuries and includes descriptions of the surviving instruments and (supported by a thematic catalogue) of the surviving music. The prince-bishops of Olomouc maintained the musical establishments of Kroměříž, and this has been another important focus of Sehnal’s work with his studies of the Kapellen of the bishops Liechtenstein-Castelcorn (1970), Maxmilian Hamilton (1971), Leopold Egk (1972), Wolfgang Schrattenbach (1974, ‘Počátky opery’), and Anton Theodor Colloredo-Waldsee (1978). Other interests include the music of Adam Michna, and instruments. Sehnal has written on wind bands, on trumpets, and with particular enthusiasm on the organ, initiating and coordinating efforts to preserve surviving organs in Moravia.

Writings

(selective list)

  • ‘Dějiny varhan v kostele P. Marie Sněžné v Olomouci’ [History of the organ in the church of Our Lady of the Snows, Olomouc], ČMm, vol.51 (1966), 269–90
  • Starý český kontrapunkt instrumentální [Early Czech instrumental counterpoint] (diss., U. of Brno, 1967)
  • Kapela olomouckého biskupa Karla Liechtensteina-Castelcorna (1664–1695) [The Kapelle of Bishop Karl Liechtenstein-Castelcorn of Olomouc (1664–95)] (CSc diss., U. of Brno, 1970); extracts in KJb, vol.51 (1967), 79–123
  • ‘Die Kompositionen Heinrich Bibers in Kremsier’, SPFFBU, H5 (1970), 21–35
  • ‘Hudební skladby z kodexu olomoucké kapitulní knihovny CO 362 a český vícehlas v 2. polovině 15. století’ [Compositions in MS CO 362 of the Olomouc chapter library, and Czech polyphony in the second half of the 15th century], ČMm, vol.56 (1971), 165–91
  • ‘Janovkas Clavis und die Musik in Prag um das Jahr 1700’, SPFFBU, H6 (1971), 25–42
  • ‘Die Musikkapelle des Olmützer Bischofs Maximilian Hamilton (1761–1776)’, Mf, vol.24 (1971), 411–17
  • ‘Obsazení v chrámové hudbě 17. a 18. století na Moravě’ [Performing forces in church music of the 17th and 18th centuries in Moravia], HV, vol.8 (1971), 236–47
  • ‘Die Entwicklungstendenzen und Stilschichten im tschechischen barocken Kirchenlied’, Musica antiqua III: Bydgoszcz 1972, 127–60
  • ‘Das Musikinventar des Olmützer Bischofs Leopold Egk aus dem Jahre 1760 als Quelle vorklassischer Instrumentalmusik’, AMw, vol.29 (1972), 285–317
  • ‘Die Bläserharmonie des Augustinerklosters in Altbrünn’, SPFFBU, H8 (1973), 126–42
  • ‘Život a dílo novojičínského varhanáře Jana Neussera (1807–1878)’ [The life and work of the Nový Jičín organ builder Jan Neusser], ČMm, vol.58 (1973), 163–216
  • ‘Hudba v klášteře a městě Žďáru nad Sázavou od 13. do počátku 19. století’ [Music in the monastery and town of Žďár nad Sázavou from the 13th century to the beginning of the 19th], Dějiny Žďáru nad Sázavou, vol.3, ed. M. Zemek (Brno, 1974), 277–308
  • ‘Počátky opery na Moravě’ [The beginnings of opera in Moravia], O divadle na Moravě (Prague, 1974), 55–77
  • ‘Nové příspěvky k dějinám hudby na Moravě v 17. a 18. století’ [New contributions to the music history of Moravia in the 17th and 18th centuries], ČMm, vol.60 (1975), 159–80
  • ‘Písně Adama Michny z Otradovic (1600–1676)’ [Michna’s songs], HV, vol.12 (1975), 3–45
  • ‘The Organ in Moravia’, MT, vol.116 (1975), 822–5, 909–11; vol.117 (1976), 161–3, 517–19
  • ‘Hudební kapela Antona Theodora Colloreda-Waldsee (1777–1811) v Kroměříži a v Olomouci’ [The Kapelle of Colloredo-Waldsee at Kroměříž and Olomouc], HV, vol.13 (1976), 291–349; excerpted Ger. trans., Haydn Yearbook 1978, 132–50
  • ‘Giacomo Carissimis Kompositionen in den böhmischen Ländern’, Muzikološki zbornik, vol.13 (1977), 23–35
  • ‘Der Musikalienkatalog eines Olmützer Buchhändlers aus dem Jahr 1757’, FAM, vol.25 (1978), 243–9
  • ‘Die Entwicklung der mährischen Orgelbaukunst bis zum Jahr 1900’, Fragen des Orgelbaus im östlichen Mitteleuropa: Marburg 1979, 29–65
  • ‘Das Orgelspiel in Mähren im 17. Jahrhundert’, Die süddeutsch-österreichische Orgelmusik im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert: Innsbruck 1979, 41–71; enlarged Cz. trans., HV, vol.19 (1982), 21–48
  • ‘Die Orgel der Olmützer Kathedrale’, Acta organologica, vol.15 (1981), 37–75
  • ‘Dějiny varhan kostela sv. Jakuba v Brně’ [The history of the organ at St Jakub, Brno], ČMm, vol.67 (1982), 99–122
  • ‘Harmonie na Moravě 1750–1840’ [Wind-band music in Moravia], ČMm, vol.68 (1983), 117–48; Ger. trans., Kongressberichte: Oberschützen 1988 and Dobbiaco 1990, 237–83
  • ‘Hudba u brněnských augustiniánů v 18. století’ [Music at the Brno Augustinians in the 18th century], HV, vol.20 (1983), 227–41
  • ‘Pobělohorská doba (1620–1740)’ [The time after the Battle of the White Mountain], Hudba v českých dějinách, ed. J. Černý and others (Prague, 1983, 2/1989), 147–215
  • ‘Mše Josepha Haydna na Moravě v 18. a 19. Století’ [Haydn Masses in Moravia in the 18th and 19th centuries], Joseph Haydn a hudba jeho doby (Bratislava, 1984), 115–19
  • ed. V. Janáček: Životopis Jiříka Janáčka [The biography of Jiří Janáček] (Brno, 1985)
  • ‘Quellen zu Mozarts Kirchenwerken in Mähren’, Mozart-Jb 1986, 29–31
  • Směrnice pro dokumentaci varhan v českých zemích [Guidelines for the documentation of organs in Bohemia and Moravia] (Brno, 1986)
  • ‘Gluck im Repertoire des Schlosstheaters des Grafen Haugwitz in Náměšť nad Oslavou’, Gluck in Wien: Vienna 1987, 171–7
  • ‘Das mährische Musikleben in der Zeit Antonio Caldaras’, Antonio Caldara, ed. B.W. Pritchard (Aldershot, 1987), 247–76
  • ‘Historische Beziehungen auf dem Gebiet des Orgelbaus zwischen Österreich und Mähren’, Organa austriaca, vol.4 (1988), 41–76
  • Hudba v olomoucké katedrále v 17. a 18. století [Music in Olomouc Cathedral in the 17th and 18th centuries] (Brno, 1988)
  • ‘Trubačí a hra na přirozenou trompetu na Moravě v 17. a 18. století’ [Trumpeters and playing the natural trumpet in Moravia during the 17th and 18th centuries], ČMm, vol.73 (1988), 175–207; vol.74 (1989), 255–68
  • ‘Hudba pro trompetu v 17. a 18. století na Moravě’ [Trumpet music in 17th- and 18th-century Moravia], ČMm, vol.75 (1990), 173–203
  • ‘Hudba v premonstrátském kláštěře Hradisko u Olomouce 1693–1739’ [Music in the Premonstratensian monastery of Hradisko near Olomouc], ČMm, vol.76 (1991), 185–225 [with Eng. summary]; Ger. trans., KmJb, vol.77 (1993), 51–95
  • ‘Die Musik an der Jesuiten-Akademie in Olmütz (Mähren) im frühen 18. Jahrhundert’, Zelenka-Studien I: Marburg 1991, 65–83
  • ‘Český zpěv při mši’ [Czech singing during the mass], HV, vol.29 (1992), 3–15; Ger. trans., Kirchenmusikalisches Erbe und Liturgie, ed. K. Schlager and H. Unverricht (Tutzing, 1995), 139–53
  • ‘Heinrich Bibers Beziehungen zu Kremsier’, De editione musices: Festschrift Gerhard Croll, ed. W. Gratzer and A. Lindmayr (Laaber, 1992), 315–27
  • ‘Salzburger Musikhandschriften aus dem 17. Jahrhundert in Kroměříž’, Festschrift Hubert Unverricht, ed. K. Schlager (Tutzing, 1992), 255–73
  • ‘Hudba u františkánů české provincie v 17. a 18. Století’ [Music among the Franciscans of the Bohemian Province in the 17th and 18th centuries], ČMm, vol.78 (1993), 217–38
  • Pavel Vejvanovský a biskupská kapela v Kroměříži [Vejvanovský and the episcopal chapel in Kroměříž] (Kroměříž, 1993; Eng. trans., 2008)
  • ‘Das Klangideal der Orgel und die Musikpraxis in Böhmen im 17. und 18. Jh.’, Die Orgel als sakrales Kunstwerk, ed. F.W. Riedel, vol.3 (Mainz, 1995), 171–81
  • ‘Figurální hudba ve farních kostelích na Moravě v 17. a 18. století’ [Figural music in Moravian parish churches in the 17th and 18th centuries], HV, vol.33 (1996), 159–77 [with Ger. summary]
  • ‘Johann Joseph Fux und die kirchenmusikalische Praxis seiner Zeit in Mähren’, Johann Joseph Fux und seine Zeit, ed, A. Edler and F.W. Riedel (Laaber, 1996), 218–29
  • ‘Zur Musik bei den Zisterziensern in Böhmen und Mähren im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert’, Die Klöster als Pflegestätten von Musik und KunstMichaelstein 1996, 117–26
  • ‘Židovské taneční kapely na Moravě’ [Jewish dance bands in Moravia], HV, vol.34 (1997), 292–302 [with Ger. summary]
  • with J. Pešková: Caroli de Liechtenstein-Castelcorno episcopi olomucensis operum artis musicae collectio Cremsirii reservata (Prague, 1998) [comprehensive catalogue]
  • ‘Musikinventare der Olmützer Erzbischöfe aus dem 19. Jahrhundert’, Prof. Jiří Fukač: Festschrift, ed. S. Bohadlo (Hradec Králové, 1998), 131–40
  • ‘Der katholische Kirchengesang im Rekatholisierungsprozess Mährens’, Gegenreformation und Barock in Mitteleuropa: Bratislava 1999, 181–94
  • ‘Deníky Jana Jáchyma ze Žerotína: životní styl českého šlechtice v době vrcholného baroka’ [The diaries of Jan Jáchym of Žerotín: the lifestyle of a Czech nobleman during the high Baroque], Časopis Matice moravské, vol.119 (2000), 367–89
  • ‘Chrámová hudba na Moravě od cyrilské reformy do současnosti’ [Church music in Moravia since the Cyrillian reforms], OM, vol.32 (2001), 181–94
  • With J. Vysloužil: Dějiny hudby na Moravě [History of music in Moravia] (Brno, 2001)
  • Michna a jeho současnici [Michna and his contemporaries], HV, vol.38 (2001), 64–71
  • ‘Das kirchenmusikalische Repertoire in Mähren vom Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts bis zum Cyrillismus’, Anton Bruckner: Tradition und Fortschritt in der Kirchenmusik des 19. Jahrhunderts, ed. F.W. Riedel (Sinzig, 2001), 115–24
  • ‘Jan K. Dolar und Mähren’, Dolarjev zbornik, ed. E. Škulj (Ljubljana, 2002), 87–94
  • ‘Spezifika der historischen Orgeln in Böhmen und Mähren und ihre Folgerungen für die Musikpraxis’, Varhany a jejich funkce v Čechách a na Moravě 1600–2000, ed. J. Vičar (Olomouc, 2003), 107–15
  • ‘Hudebníci Jindřicha Viléma Haugwitze’ [The musicians of Count J.V. Haugwitz], Haugwitzové a hudba (Naměšt' nad Oslavou, 2003), 53–72
  • Barokni varhanářství na Moravě [Baroque organ-building in Moravia], vol.1: Varhanáři [Organ builders] (Brno, 2003), vol.2: Varhany [Organs] (Brno, 2004)

Editions

  • Georg Anton Benda: Sinfonie X–XII, MAB, 1st ser., vol.68 (1966)
  • A.V. Michna: Missa Sancti Wenceslai, MAB, 2nd ser., vol.1 (1966)
  • J.A. Plánický: Opella ecclesiastica, MAB, 2nd ser., vol.3 (1968)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber: Instrumentalwerke handschriftlicher Überlieferung, DTÖ, vol.127 (1976), vol.151 (1977)
  • Adam Michna z Otradovic: Compositions (Prague, 1984–)
  • Georg Muffat: Sonata Violino Solo Prag 1677, Denkmäler der Musik in Salzburg Faksimile Ausgaben, vol.4 (Bad Reichenhall, 1992)
  • Philippus Rittler: Requiem Claudiae imperatricis (Olomouc, 1995)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber: Ausgewählte Werke II (Salzburg, 2001)

Bibliography

  • ČHS [incl. extensive list of writings]
  • M. Poštolka: Review of Hudba v olomoucké katedrále and 60th birthday tribute, HV, vol.29 (1992), 71–3
  • ‘Výběrová bibliografie doc. PhDr. Jiřího Sehnala, CSc’ [Selective bibliography], HV, vol.31 (1994), 355–8
  • J. Vičar, ed.: Varhany a jejich funkce v Čechách a na Moravě 1600–2000: in honorem Jiří Sehnal [Organs and their function in Bohemia and Moravia] (Olomouc, 2003) [includes bibliography]
  • P. Lyko, ed.: In honorem Jiří Sehnal, Musicologica olomucensia, vol.14 (Olomouc, 2011)
Casopis Moravského musea [muzea, 1977-]
Hudební veda
Die Musikforschung
Musical Times
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Ceský hudební slovník osob a institucí
Sborník prací filosofické [filozofické] fakulty brnenské university [univerzity]