Sor [Sors], (Joseph) Fernando (Macari)
- Brian Jeffery
(b Barcelona, bap. Feb 14, 1778; d Paris, July 10, 1839). Catalan composer and guitarist. He was educated at the choir school of the monastery of Montserrat, and then attended the military academy in Barcelona. His opera Telemaco was produced at the Teatro de la S Cruz, Barcelona, in 1796. In 1799 he moved to Madrid, and from then until 1808 he held administrative sinecures in Barcelona and the vicinity of Málaga, making occasional visits to Madrid. During this period he composed symphonies, string quartets, a motet and many boleros and seguidillas boleras for voice with guitar or piano accompaniment. Some of his works for solo guitar were probably also written at this time. Sor fought against the French during the invasion of 1808 and composed patriotic songs, of which Vivir en cadenas and Venid, vencedores (both with words by J.B. Arriaza) became famous. But in about 1810...