Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 20 October 2019

Trio (It., from tre, formed in imitation of duo)locked

  • Erich Schwandt

Extract

(It., from tre, formed in imitation of duo)

(1) A piece of music for three players. The commonest types are the Piano trio (piano, violin, cello) and the String trio (violin, viola, cello); see also Chamber music, Trio sonata and (for vocal music) Terzet.

(2) In the 18th century, the term ‘trio’ was applied to an instrumental piece for three obbligato voices, without further accompaniment, in strict style. Many such pieces belong to the realm of academic music, being used by theorists to demonstrate rules of counterpoint and composition. There are, however, trios of this kind in the keyboard music of J.S. Bach, notably in his organ sonatas and his sinfonias (or three-part inventions), where all three voices are equally important and all three are continuously engaged in working out the musical ideas. The canons of the Goldberg Variations, except that at the 9th, are trios. Trios are also prominent in his organ chorales, where the variety in treating various combinations of voices is striking....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

Bach-Jahrbuch