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Tympanum [tymbal] (Lat., from Gk. tumpanon)locked

  • James W. McKinnon
  •  and Robert Anderson


Ancient hand drum (a Membranophone). Approximately 30 cm in diameter, it consisted of a rim of metal or wood covered on both sides by a skin membrane. It is usually shown held in the left hand being struck by the fingertips of the right. Normally it was associated with the orgiastic cults of Dionysus and Cybele where it appeared almost invariably with the ...

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