Bruckner, (Joseph) Anton
- Paul Hawkshaw
- and Timothy L. Jackson
( b Ansfelden, nr Linz, Sept 4, 1824; d Vienna, Oct 11, 1896). Austrian composer . One of the most innovatory figures of the second half of the 19th century, Bruckner is remembered primarily for his symphonies and sacred compositions. His music is rooted in the formal traditions of Beethoven and Schubert and inflected with Wagnerian harmony and orchestration. Until late in his career his reputation rested mainly on his improvisatory skills at the organ. As a teacher he communicated the contrapuntal system of Simon Sechter to a generation of Viennese students that included Felix Mottl, Heinrich Schenker, Franz and Josef Schalk and Ferdinand Löwe.
Bruckner’s birthplace, the tiny village of Ansfelden, is situated on a fertile strip of land between the Danube and the foothills of Upper Austria. Although it has been almost absorbed by the 20th-century suburban expansion of Linz, in 1824 it was a farming community relatively isolated from the social and cultural activities of the provincial capital. Bruckner was the eldest of 11 children, of whom only five survived early childhood. His father, Anton (...