Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 24 October 2020

Handel [Händel, Hendel], George Frideric [Georg Friederich]locked

  • Anthony Hicks


[Georg Friederich]

(b Halle, Feb 23, 1685; d London, April 14, 1759). English composer of German birth. Though consistently acknowledged as one of the greatest composers of his age, his reputation from his death to the early 20th century rested largely on the knowledge of a small number of orchestral works and oratorios, Messiah in particular. In fact, he contributed to every musical genre current in his time, both vocal and instrumental. The composition of operas, mainly on Italian librettos, dominated the earlier part of his career, and are the finest (though not the most typical) of their kind. In his later years his commitment to large-scale vocal works, usually with a strong dramatic element, found a more individual outlet in English oratorio, a genre that he invented and established.

He was the son of Georg Händel (...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Musical Quarterly
Rostock, Universität, Universitätsbibliothek
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Uppsala, Universitetsbiblioteket
Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana
Music & Letters
London, Royal College of Music, Library
Reading, University, Music Library
Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
London, Royal College of Organists
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Rassegna musicale
Current Musicology
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
Dansk aarbog for musikforskning
Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, Dept of Manuscripts and Printed Books
Hanover, Stadtbibliothek, Musikbibliothek
Wiesentheid, Musiksammlung des Grafen von Schönborn-Wiesentheid
Zürich, Zentralbibliothek
London, British Library
Music Review
H. Smither: A History of the Oratorio (Chapel Hill, NC, 1977-)
Die Musikforschung
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Early Music
Münster, Santini-Bibliothek [in D-MÜp]
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Agen, Archives Départementales de Lot-et-Garonne
Manchester, Central Library, Henry Watson Music Library
Rome, Conservatorio di Musica S Cecilia
Vierteljahrsschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Journal of the American Musicological Society
San Marino (CA), Huntington Library
Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibliotek
Brussels, Conservatoire Royal, Bibliothèque, Koninklijk Conservatorium, Bibliotheek
J. Hawkins: A General History of the Science and Practice of Music (London, 1776)
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
J. Mattheson: Grundlage einer Ehren-Pforte (Hamburg, 1740); ed. Max Schneider (Berlin, 1910/R)
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Monthly Musical Record
Analecta musicologica
Rheda, Fürst zu Bentheim-Tecklenburgische Musikbibliothek [on loan to D-MÜu]
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
Paderborn, Erzbischöfliche Akademische Bibliothek [in D-HRD]
Oxford, Bodleian Library
Vienna, Minoritenkonvent
London, Foundling Museum: Gerald Coke, private collection
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Musical Times