Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 20 February 2020


  • Gordon A. Anderson,
  • Thomas B. Payne,
  • Daniel Heartz,
  • Richard Freedman,
  • James R. Anthony,
  • John Eby,
  • Elisabeth Cook,
  • Beverly Wilcox,
  • Paul F. Rice,
  • David Charlton,
  • John Trevitt,
  • Guy Gosselin
  •  and Jann Pasler


Capital city of France. It is situated on the River Seine, downstream from its junction with the River Marne. The city proper has a population of approximately 2.2 million, with approximately 10 million in the greater Paris area.

The importance of Paris as a musical centre in medieval times lies chiefly in the period from the mid-12th century to the early 14th, when it led the European musical world in its institutions and in new methods of composition. Although there were other centres of great musical importance—the Benedictine abbeys of St Maur-des-Fossés and St Denis, the royal Ste Chapelle, and the Augustinian abbey of St Victor, for example—the most celebrated activity occurred at Notre Dame. The cathedral nurtured some of the first recognized composers of stature, and they in turn realized some remarkable achievements: the earliest inclusive corpus of polyphonic liturgical music for the celebration of the Mass and Office; the first system of musical notation that clearly specified rhythmic values as well as pitches; and the development of major new musical genres. At Notre Dame not only organum but monophonic and polyphonic conductus attained their richest forms; and the creation of the motet from the discant sections of organum became a landmark in musical history. Moreover the most important musical theorists from about ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
C. Pierre: Histoire du Concert spirituel 1725-1790 (Paris, 1975)
M. Benoit: Musiques de cour: chapelle, chambre, écurie, 1661-1733 (Paris, 1971)
Die Musikforschung
Annales musicologiques
Musical Quarterly
Berlin, Stadtbibliothek, Musikbibliothek [in D-Bz]
Current Musicology
L.E.S.J. de Laborde: Musiciens de Paris, 1535-1792
Recherches sur la musique française classique
Music & Letters
Enciclopedia dello spettacolo
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Handschriftensammlung
M. Brenet: Les musiciens de la Sainte-Chapelle du Palais (Paris, 1910/R)
Early Music History
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Bulletin français de la S.I.M. [also Mercure musical and other titles]
Versailles, Bibliothèque
Ivrea, Cattedrale, Biblioteca Capitolare
Revue musicale
Montpellier, Bibliothèque Inter-Universitaire, Section Médecine
Revue belge de musicologie
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
H. Berlioz: Mémoires (Paris, 1870; ed. and trans. D. Cairns, 1969, 2/1970); ed. P. Citron (Paris, 1969, 2/1991)
Galpin Society Journal
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in France and Italy (London, 1771, 2/1773)
Acta musicologica
B.S. Brook: La symphonie française dans la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle (Paris, 1962)
Revue de musicologie
J.R. Anthony: French Baroque Music from Beaujoyeulx to Rameau (London, 1973, 3/1997)
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Paris, Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra
International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Musical Times
Journal of Musicology
Early Music
M. Brenet: Les concerts en France sous l'ancien régime (Paris, 1900/R)