Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 20 September 2019

Oboe (Fr. hautbois; Ger. Oboe; It. oboe)locked

  • Janet K. Page,
  • Geoffrey Burgess,
  • Bruce Haynes
  •  and Michael Finkelman

Extract

(Fr. hautbois; Ger. Oboe; It. oboe)

Generic term in the system of Hornbostel and Sachs for an aerophone with a double (concussion) reed (for detailed classification see Aerophone). The name is taken from that of the principal treble double-reed instrument of Western art music (see §II below).

The Aulos of ancient Greece may sometimes have had a double reed, and some kind of reed aerophone was known in North Africa in pre-Islamic times. Instruments of theSurnāy type became established with the spread of the Arab empire around the end of the first millennium ce; they were possibly a synthesis of types from Iran, Mesopotamia, Syria and Asia Minor. From there the instrument, then used in a military role, spread into conquered areas and areas of influence: to India, and later, under the Ottoman empire, to Europe (around the time of the fifth crusade, 1217–21; there may already have been bagpipes with double reeds there) and further into Asia (to China in the 14th century). As the instrument spread, it came to be made of local materials and fashioned according to local preferences in usage, shape and decoration: the ...

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

Regensburg, Fürst Thurn und Taxis Hofbibliothek
Acta musicologica
P.T. Young: 4900 Historical Woodwind Instruments (London, 1993) [enlarged 2nd edn of Twenty Five Hundred Historical Woodwind Instruments (New York, 1982)]
Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau
Revue et gazette musicale de Paris
Monthly Musical Record
A. Lavignac and L. de La Laurencie, eds.: Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Bach-Jahrbuch
[flourished]
Galpin Society Journal
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society
W. Waterhouse: The New Langwill Index: a Dictionary of Musical Wind-Instrument Makers and Inventors
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Perspectives of New Music
M. Praetorius: Syntagma musicum, i (Wittenberg and Wolfenbüttel, 1614-15, 2/1615/R); ii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R; Eng. trans., 1986, 2/1991); iii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R)
Early Music