Prix de Rome
- David Gilbert
Name given to a competition that awarded artists and composers with a funded period of study in Rome. Although awards with a similar name have been offered by Belgian, American and other academies, in music the term usually refers to the prize offered by the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
The contest was held annually from 1803 to 1968, suspended only during the two world wars. It was organized and judged by the music section of the Académie des Beaux-Arts, although during the Second Empire (1864–71) it was administered by the Paris Conservatoire. While prizes in painting, sculpture and architecture had been offered throughout the 18th century, a music prize was authorized only when the Institut National and its constituent academies were reorganized by Napoleon in 1803. The prizes were funded by the French government with the aim of fostering French culture. The Prix de Rome in music endured the revolutions, monarchies, empires and republics of the 19th and 20th centuries, but not the student uprisings of the 1960s, after which it was abolished....